Combating Poverty: Quebec's Pursuit of a Distinctive Welfare State
Published: August 2017© 2017
Imprint: University of Toronto Press
Page Count: 232 Pages
Illustrations: 35 Figures
Dimensions: 6.25 x 9.25
232 Pages, 6.25 x 9.25 x 38.00 in, 35 Figures
Combating Poverty critically analyses the growing divergence between Quebec and other large Canadian provinces in terms of social and labour market policies and their outcomes over the past several decades. While Canada is routinely classified as a single, homogeneous ‘liberal market’ regime, social and labour market policy falls within provincial jurisdiction resulting in a considerable divergence in policy mixes and outcomes between provinces.
This volume offers a detailed survey of social and labour market policies since the early 2000s in Canada’s four largest provinces – Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia, and Alberta – showing the full extent to which Canada’s major provinces have chosen diverging policy paths. Quebec has succeeded in emulating European and even Nordic social democratic levels of poverty for some groups, while poverty rates and patterns in the other provinces remain close to the high levels characteristic of the North American liberal, market-oriented regime. Combating Poverty provides a unique and timely reflection on the political implications and sustainability of Canada’s fragmented welfare state.
List of Figures
List of Tables
Introduction: Quebec’s Exceptionalism in Context
Chapter 1: Social and Employment Policies at the Provincial Level: A Survey of Four Provinces
Chapter 2: Poverty: Measures and Trends
Chapter 3: Poverty and the Changing Family
Chapter 4: Chronic Poverty
Chapter 5: Activation and Poverty
Chapter 6: How Exceptional Is Quebec
Conclusion: Towards the Provincialization of the Social Union?
"This book is worth reading to understand different poverty levels in Canada, and how Quebec has achieved the lowest level of poverty. It remains open for educators, students, researchers, and policymakers to decide the extent to which Quebec’s policies may be applied to other regions."Jaewon Lee, Michigan State University, Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, vol 46 no 1
"Combating Poverty is a landmark contribution to our understanding of the development of social policy in Canada since the end of the 1980s. Few Canadians are aware of the strikingly divergent paths followed by Quebec and the rest of Canada since then. Combating Poverty tells the story in convincing fashion. A must read for educators, students, researchers, and policy makers who want to make a difference."John Myles, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Sociology and Senior Fellow in the School of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Toronto