Provincial Policy Laboratories: Policy Diffusion and Transfer in Canada’s Federal System
Published: June 2021© 2021
Imprint: University of Toronto Press
Page Count: 190 Pages
Illustrations: 13 b&w tables
Dimensions: 6.00 x 9.00
190 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 x 0.45 in, 13 b&w tables
Canada's federal system, composed of ten provincial governments and three territories, all with varying economies and political cultures, is often blamed for the country's failure to develop coordinated policy responses to key issues. But in other federal and multi-level governance systems, the ability of multiple governments to test a variety of policy responses has been lauded as an effective way to build local and national policy.
Despite high-profile examples of policy diffusion in Canada, there has been surprisingly little academic study of policy learning and diffusion among provinces. Featuring cutting-edge research, Provincial Policy Laboratories explores the cross-jurisdictional movement of policies among governments in Canada’s federal system. The book comprises case studies from a range of emerging policy areas, including parentage rights, hydraulic fracturing regulations, species at risk legislation, sales and aviation taxation, and marijuana regulation. Throughout, the contributors aim to increase knowledge about this understudied aspect of Canadian federalism and contribute to the practice of intergovernmental policymaking across the country.
1 Introduction: Theorizing about Provinces as Provincial Laboratories for Policy Diffusion and Transfer
2 Parentage Policy Diffusion in the Canadian Provinces
3 Interjurisdictional Transfer of Hydraulic Fracturing Regulations among Canadian Provinces
4 Endangered Species Legislation in Canada: Convergence that Matters
5 Learning, Competing, or Emulating? Explaining Diffusion Dynamics in the Case of the Harmonized Sales Tax in British Columbia
6 Carbon Pricing Policies and Emissions from Aviation: Patterns of Convergence and Divergence
7 Policy Replication: The Case of Canadian Cannabis Legalization
Jared J. Wesley
8 Conclusion: (Re)Theorizing Diffusion and Transfer in Canada’s Federal System
Andrea Olive and Brendan Boyd
“While examples of provincial-level policy diffusion abound in Canada, the scholarship on this important issue remains strikingly underdeveloped. Gathering recognized policy scholars working on a vast array of policy areas, this excellent volume provides valuable comparative and theoretical insights about provincial policy diffusion in Canada. It is a must-read for scholars, students, and policymakers interested in the topic.” Daniel Béland, Director, McGill Institute for the Study of Canada and James McGill Professor of Political Science, McGill University
“Provincial Policy Laboratories is a timely contribution to several topical areas of public policy, it also acts as a broader commentary on an underserved area of public policy research. The volume’s well-integrated chapters and systematic approach make it a pleasure to read!” Andrea Lawlor, Associate Professor of Political Science, King's University College at Western University
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Brendan Boyd and Andrea Olive tell us about their new book, Provincial Policy Laboratories, and explain why it should be a must-read for scholars, students, and policymakers interested in Canadian public policy.