The Long Winter of 1945: Tivari
Available: October 2023© 2023
Imprint: University of Toronto Press
Page Count: 176 Pages
Illustrations: b&w illustrations throughout
Dimensions: 6.00 x 9.00
176 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 x 1.00 in, b&w illustrations throughout
Not Yet Published
In March 1945, at the end of the Second World War, hundreds of unarmed Albanian recruits were massacred by Yugoslav partisans. For too long, the memory of this massacre in Tivari – a coastal town in Montenegro – has been suppressed by the Yugoslav state and kept alive in Kosovo only in informal versions, nurtured and retold in a spirit of ethnic mistrust and hatred.
Depicted in graphic format, The Long Winter of 1945 presents an oral history of this traumatic event based on interviews with surviving participants. Archival documents and historical research provide context, placing the massacre in the broader setting of forced mass mobilization to fight, as well as the last pocket of Italian resistance. The book reveals that the massacre was not a forgettable incident of history, as the censored or sanitized official narrative of Yugoslav history would like it to be remembered, nor was it a planned act of genocide, as described by informal oral versions, repeated with undertones of fear and anger, and passed along as underground collective memory.
The Long Winter of 1945 places its history into the broader context of Yugoslavia’s war for liberation and the civil war between Serbs and Albanians. Bringing this traumatic event to the fore, this beautifully illustrated graphic novel rescues the memory of the victims and survivors from political exploitation.