The Long Winter of 1945: Tivari
Published: September 2023© 2023
Imprint: University of Toronto Press
Page Count: 178 Pages
Illustrations: b&w illustrations throughout
Dimensions: 6.00 x 9.00
178 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 x 0.70 in, b&w illustrations throughout
In March 1945, at the end of the Second World War, hundreds of unarmed Albanian recruits were massacred by Yugoslav partisans. For too long, the memory of this massacre in Tivari – a coastal town in Montenegro –was suppressed by the Yugoslav state and kept alive in Kosovo only in informal versions, nurtured and retold in a spirit of ethnic mistrust and hatred.
Depicted in graphic format, The Long Winter of 1945 presents an oral history of this traumatic event based on interviews with surviving participants. Archival documents and historical research provide context, placing the massacre in the broader setting of forced mass mobilization to fight, as well as the last pocket of Italian resistance.
The Long Winter of 1945 situates the events in Tivari into the broader context of Yugoslavia’s war for liberation and the civil war between Serbs and Albanians. Bringing this traumatic event to the fore, this beautifully illustrated graphic novel rescues the memory of the victims and survivors from political exploitation.
"The Long Winter of 1945 is powerful and striking in its depiction of the protagonists and narrators of this largely forgotten trauma. The graphic format, driven by survivors’ voices, bears witness to the disease, hunger, despair, and desperation of wartime."Keith Brown, Arizona State University
"Featuring stupendous artwork, The Long Winter of 1945 is a rare and much-needed contribution. At the core of the book is the difficult story of the killing of hundreds of Albanians in Tivari, and how this poorly understood episode fits within the scheme of the Second World War. In untangling this episode, Anna Di Lellio and Dardan Luta invite readers to think about how memory works, how trauma lives on across generations, how historical events are forgotten or manipulated, and how the local powerfully illuminates the human and the universal."Elidor Mëhilli, Hunter College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York