Giuseppe Mazzini’s Young Europe and the Birth of Modern Nationalism in the Slavic World
Published: April 2022© 2022
Imprint: University of Toronto Press
Page Count: 288 Pages
Illustrations: 21 b&w illustrations
Dimensions: 6.00 x 9.00
288 Pages, 6.00 x 9.00 x 0.70 in, 21 b&w illustrations
Giuseppe Mazzini’s Young Europe and the Birth of Modern Nationalism in the Slavic World examines the intellectual currents in Eastern Europe that attracted educated youth after the Polish Revolution of 1830–1. Focusing on the political ideas brought to the Slavic world from the West by Polish émigré conspirators, Anna Procyk explores the core message that the Polish revolutionaries carried, a message based on the democratic principles espoused by Young Europe’s founder, Giuseppe Mazzini.
Based on archival sources as well as well-documented publications in Eastern Europe, this study highlights that the national awakening among the Czechs, Slovaks, and Galician Ukrainians was not just cultural, as is typically assumed, but political as well. The documentary sources testify that at its inception the political nationalism in Eastern Europe, founded on the humanistic ideals promoted by Mazzini, was republican-democratic in nature and that the clandestine groups in Eastern Europe were cooperating with one another through underground channels. It was through this cooperation during the 1830s that the better-educated Poles and Ukrainians in the political underground tied to Young Europe became aware that the interests of their nations, bound together by the forces of history and political necessity, were best served when they worked closely together.
1. Young Europe as an Idea: The Impact of Exile on the Revolutionary Thought of Giuseppe Mazzini
2. The Risorgimento and the Great Polish Emigration: A Pact Sealed in Heaven or a Marriage of Convenience?
3. Reception of Mazzini’s Ideas in East Central Europe
4. East Galicia: The Testing Ground of Young Europe’s Ideals
5. Young Poland’s Revolutionary Underground in Russian-Ruled Lands
6. Sprouts of Young Europe in Ukraine: The Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood
7. Young Europe: The Ideological Roots of "The Spring of Nations" in the Slavic World
"This is an absorbing history of the emergence of national consciousness and the desire for independence in the Slavic lands of the Russian and Austrian empires in the 1830s and 1840s. Anna Procyk provides a richly detailed account that involves fascinating characters of all sorts—émigré Polish militants, Greek Catholic priests, poets, conspiratorial organizations, and […] martyrs to the cause of national liberation."David G. Rowley, University of Wisconsin-Platteville
"Anna Procyk’s monograph represents decades of thorough research, much of it archival. It demonstrates that Ukrainian intellectuals, while divided between the Russian and Austrian empires, cultivated strong ties with their Italian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, and Balkan counterparts. Its value, however, goes beyond its important contributions to our knowledge of modern Slavic nationalism. At a time when nationalism has degenerated into chauvinism and consequently fallen into disrepute, it reminds us that it in its original form, nationalism not only united those who shared an ethnic and linguistic heritage, but embraced all peoples seeking independence in fraternal equality."Andrew Sorokowski
"Procyk valuably draws our attention to a broad cast of characters little known beyond specialists of this subject. By placing them in a broad international context that extends beyond eastern Europe, Procyk helps to break down the intellectual boundaries that have long compartmentalized the study of individual east European nations, as well as the sharper divisions between west and east European history. In so doing, Procyk offers a model of transnational east European history well worth developing further."Jared Warren
"If one compares historical research to a jigsaw puzzle, Procyk’s study is a corner piece. In our field, many excellent studies are being published that enlighten us about the region’s past, its popular politicians, ignored intellectuals, and admired activists. Yet few studies deserve the predicate of ‘outstanding’ for their wide scope and scholarly depth. Procyk’s Mazzini is outstanding because the author convincingly explains how Young Europe activists contributed to the revolutionary activities after 1815, thereby preparing the Spring of Nations of 1848."Josette Baer, University of Zurich UZH
"Based on documentary materials – which, along with correspondence and memoirs, also includes interrogations and court records – Anna Procyk sheds light on the leading figures of conspiratorial networks active on Galician soil, on both the Austrian and Russian side. She highlights the importance of women in the spread of revolutionary literature; these women came often from the ranks of the nobility and were particularly active in Polish conspiratorial networks."Marta Verginella
"Anna Procyk’s well-researched, concisely argued, and theoretically relevant volume is an excellent example of transnational history at its best. Thoroughly familiar with a variety of primary sources, she demonstrates how intellectuals and revolutionaries in Western and Eastern Europe interacted, drew on each other’s ideas, developed nationalist agendas, and engaged in national-liberation struggles in the nineteenth century. In effect, Procyk shows that both parts of Europe formed, and still form, an overarching whole extending from France to Ukraine and, perhaps, beyond."Alexander Motyl, Professor of Political Science, Rutgers University-Newark
"With exceptional style and impressive scholarship, this book is accessible and should be recommended to those interested in the issue of Romantic nationalism in central and Eastern Europe."Serhiy Bilenky, Research Fellow, Chair of Ukrainian Studies, University of Toronto
"This well-documented study traces the spread of ideas of national independence, republicanism, and democracy from Western to Eastern Europe among Polish, Ukrainian, Czech, and Slovak émigrés and through them to their respective homelands. The key figure is that of Italian patriot Giuseppe Mazzini, who found broad support among political exiles of many nationalities in the aftermath of the revolutions of 1830 and the founding of his Young Europe association in 1834. Procyk’s book stands out as an obligatory reference point for anyone interested in the genesis and diffusion of ideas associated with modern radical politics."Roland Sarti, Professor Emeritus, Department of History, University of Massachusetts-Amherst