Carbon Province, Hydro Province: The Challenge of Canadian Energy and Climate Federalism

By Douglas Macdonald

© 2020

Why has Canada been unable to achieve any of its climate change targets? Part of the reason is that emissions in two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan, have been steadily increasing as a result of expanding oil and gas production. Declining emissions in other provinces, such as Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, have been cancelled out by those western increases. The ultimate explanation for Canadian failure lies in the differing energy interests of the western and eastern provinces.

How can Ottawa possibly get all the provinces moving in the same direction of decreasing emissions? To answer this question, Douglas Macdonald explores the five attempts to date to put in place co-ordinated national policy in the fields of energy and climate change – from Pierre Trudeau’s ill-fated National Energy Program to Justin Trudeau’s bitterly contested Pan-Canadian program – analyzing and comparing them for the first time.

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Product Details

  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 336 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.0in x 9.0in
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Quick Overview

Carbon Province, Hydro Province is a major contribution to both academic understanding and the vital question of how our federal and provincial governments can effectively work together, and thereby, for the first time, achieve a Canadian climate-change target.

Carbon Province, Hydro Province: The Challenge of Canadian Energy and Climate Federalism

By Douglas Macdonald

© 2020

Why has Canada been unable to achieve any of its climate change targets? Part of the reason is that emissions in two provinces, Alberta and Saskatchewan, have been steadily increasing as a result of expanding oil and gas production. Declining emissions in other provinces, such as Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, have been cancelled out by those western increases. The ultimate explanation for Canadian failure lies in the differing energy interests of the western and eastern provinces.

How can Ottawa possibly get all the provinces moving in the same direction of decreasing emissions? To answer this question, Douglas Macdonald explores the five attempts to date to put in place co-ordinated national policy in the fields of energy and climate change – from Pierre Trudeau’s ill-fated National Energy Program to Justin Trudeau’s bitterly contested Pan-Canadian program – analyzing and comparing them for the first time.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 336 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.0in x 9.0in
  • Author Information

    Douglas Macdonald is a senior lecturer emeritus at the School of the Environment at the University of Toronto.
  • Table of contents

    A Parable of West and East       

    1. Introduction

    1.1 Subject
    1.2 Purpose
    1.3 Methodology
    1.4 Theoretical approach
    1.5 Format         
     
    2. Historical Overview: Canadian Energy and Climate Politics

    2.1 Early days of energy policy
    2.2 National climate change policy in the 1990s
    2.3 The Martin government
    2.4 Public opinion on climate change
    2.5 The Harper government
    2.6 Provincial climate change policies
    2.7 The Justin Trudeau government
    2.8 Summary
     
    3. The Three Underlying Challenges  

    3.1 The West-East divide
    3.2 Differing fossil fuel energy interests
    3.3 Differing interests respecting climate change policy
    3.4 Alberta's planned emission increases undercut reductions elsewhere
    3.5 Western alienation
    3.6 The inherent need to allocate greenhouse gas emission reductions
    3.7 The national intergovernmental process
    3.8 The only option available
    3.9 Defects of the national process

    4. Canadian National Energy Policy, 1973-1981     

    4.1 Narrative
    4.2 Analysis

    5. The First National Climate Change Process, 1990-1997   

    5.1 Narrative
    5.2 Analysis

    6. The Second National Climate Change Process, 1998-2002   

    6.1 Narrative
    6.2 Analysis

    7. The Canadian Energy Strategy, 2005-2015     

    7.1 Narrative
    7.2 Analysis
     
    8. The Pan-Canadian Framework, 2015-2016 

    8.1 Narrative
    8.2 Analysis

    9. Drawing Lessons 

    9.1 Factors leading to effective national policy
    9.2 The three challenges and federal strategy        

    10. Putting in Place an Effective National Climate Change Program 

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