Giuseppe Mazzini’s Young Europe and the Birth of Modern Nationalism in the Slavic World
Giuseppe Mazzini’s Young Europe and the Birth of Modern Nationalism in the Slavic World examines the intellectual currents in Eastern Europe that attracted educated youth after the Polish Revolution of 1830–1. Focusing on the political ideas brought to the Slavic world from the West by Polish émigré conspirators, Anna Procyk explores the core message that the Polish revolutionaries carried, a message based on the democratic principles espoused by Young Europe’s founder, Giuseppe Mazzini.
Based on archival sources as well as well-documented publications in Eastern Europe, this study highlights that the national awakening among the Czechs, Slovaks, and Galician Ukrainians was not just cultural, as is typically assumed, but political as well. The documentary sources testify that at its inception the political nationalism in Eastern Europe, founded on the humanistic ideals promoted by Mazzini, was republican-democratic in nature and that the clandestine groups in Eastern Europe were cooperating with one another through underground channels. It was through this cooperation during the 1830s that the better-educated Poles and Ukrainians in the political underground tied to Young Europe became aware that the interests of their nations, bound together by the forces of history and political necessity, were best served when they worked closely together.
- World Rights
- Page Count: 288 pages
- Dimensions: 6.0in x 0.0in x 9.0in
"Anna Procyk’s well-researched, concisely argued, and theoretically relevant volume is an excellent example of transnational history at its best. Thoroughly familiar with a variety of primary sources, she demonstrates how intellectuals and revolutionaries in Western and Eastern Europe interacted, drew on each other’s ideas, developed nationalist agendas, and engaged in national-liberation struggles in the nineteenth century. In effect, Procyk shows that both parts of Europe formed, and still form, an overarching whole extending from France to Ukraine and, perhaps, beyond."
Alexander Motyl, Professor of Political Science, Rutgers University-Newark
"This well-documented study traces the spread of ideas of national independence, republicanism, and democracy from Western to Eastern Europe among Polish, Ukrainian, Czech, and Slovak émigrés and through them to their respective homelands. The key figure is that of Italian patriot Giuseppe Mazzini, who found broad support among political exiles of many nationalities in the aftermath of the revolutions of 1830 and the founding of his Young Europe association in 1834. Procyk’s book stands out as an obligatory reference point for anyone interested in the genesis and diffusion of ideas associated with modern radical politics."
Roland Sarti, Professor Emeritus, Department of History, University of Massachusetts-Amherst
"With exceptional style and impressive scholarship, this book is accessible and should be recommended to those interested in the issue of Romantic nationalism in central and Eastern Europe."
Serhiy Bilenky, Research Fellow, Chair of Ukrainian Studies, University of Toronto
Author InformationAnna Procyk is Professor Emerita in the Department of History, Philosophy, and Political Science at Kingsborough Community College, City University of New York.
Table of contents
1. Young Europe as an Idea: The Impact of Exile on the Revolutionary Thought of Giuseppe Mazzini
Giuseppe Mazzini and the Exiled Revolutionaries in France
The Birth of the Risorgimento
2. The Risorgimento and the Great Polish Emigration: A Pact Sealed in Heaven or a Marriage of Convenience?
Mazzini’s Introduction to the Slavic World
The Pivotal Role of Polish Émigrés in the Birth of Young Europe
Mazzini and Lelewel: An Uncomfortable but Workable Team
3. Reception of Mazzini’s Ideas in East Central Europe
Polish Perceptions of the Nationality Question in a Resurrected Poland
Young Europe’s Emissaries in Action
Lesław Łukaszewicz: An “Apostle” of Young Poland among the Czechs, Slovaks, and Galician Ruthenians
A “Geological Expedition” and the Political Awakening of Two Nations
František Kampelík’s Secret Journey to Kraków
4. East Galicia: The Testing Ground of Young Europe’s Ideals
The Galician Capital as the Hub of Conspiratorial Action
Revolutionary Currents in the Greek Catholic Seminary
A Pedagogue, a Priest, and a Revolutionary: The Rev. Mykola Hordynsky
Finding a Modus Vivendi with Conservative Officialdom
The “Ruthenian Triad” in the Context of Radical Political Thought
The Tortuous History of Two Anthologies
Young Poland under Goszczyński’s Leadership
5. Young Poland’s Revolutionary Underground in Russian-Ruled Lands
Szymon Konarski: A Mazzinian in Action
Capture and Execution of a Young European
The Impact of Konarski’s Arrest on Galicia and the Neighboring Slavic Lands
6. Sprouts of Young Europe in Ukraine: The Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood
A Late Offspring of Mazzini’s Young Europe
The Role of a Poet as a Disseminator of Young Europe’s Ideas
The Legacy of the Cyril and Methodius Brotherhood
7. The 1830s: The Roots of the Spring of Nations in the Slavic World
The Impact of Political Awakening among the Slovaks and the Czechs
The National Awakening of the Ukrainian Intelligentsia
Słowo przestrogi as a Reflection of Ideals and Aims of the 1830s
Subjects and Courses