Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy: Texts and Contexts

By Osvaldo Cavallar and Julius Kirshner

© 2020

Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy is an original collection of texts exemplifying medieval Italian jurisprudence, known as the ius commune. Translated for the first time into English, many of the texts exist only in early printed editions and manuscripts. Featuring commentaries by leading medieval civil law jurists, notably Azo Portius, Accursius, Albertus Gandinus, Bartolus of Sassoferrato, and Baldus de Ubaldis, this book covers a wide range of topics, including how to teach and study law, the production of legal texts, the ethical norms guiding practitioners, civil and criminal procedures, and family matters.

The translations, together with context-setting introductions, highlight fundamental legal concepts and practices and the milieu in which jurists operated. They offer entry points for exploring perennial subjects, such as the professionalization of lawyers, the tangled relationship between law and morality, the role of gender in the socio-legal order, and the extent to which the ius commune can be considered an autonomous system of law. Today, the ius commune lives on in the civil law codes not only of continental Europe but also of Scotland, United Kingdom, Latin America, Japan, Louisiana in the United States, and the province of Quebec in Canada.

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Product Details

  • Series: Toronto Studies in Medieval Law
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 784 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.0in x 9.0in
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    From: $93.75

    Regular Price: $125.00

    ISBN 9781487507480
  • AVAILABLE JUL 2020

    From: $93.75

    Regular Price: $125.00

Quick Overview

This unique collection makes available, for the first time, translations of medieval Italian jurisprudence, including commentaries, tracts, and legal opinions by leading jurists.

Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy: Texts and Contexts

By Osvaldo Cavallar and Julius Kirshner

© 2020

Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy is an original collection of texts exemplifying medieval Italian jurisprudence, known as the ius commune. Translated for the first time into English, many of the texts exist only in early printed editions and manuscripts. Featuring commentaries by leading medieval civil law jurists, notably Azo Portius, Accursius, Albertus Gandinus, Bartolus of Sassoferrato, and Baldus de Ubaldis, this book covers a wide range of topics, including how to teach and study law, the production of legal texts, the ethical norms guiding practitioners, civil and criminal procedures, and family matters.

The translations, together with context-setting introductions, highlight fundamental legal concepts and practices and the milieu in which jurists operated. They offer entry points for exploring perennial subjects, such as the professionalization of lawyers, the tangled relationship between law and morality, the role of gender in the socio-legal order, and the extent to which the ius commune can be considered an autonomous system of law. Today, the ius commune lives on in the civil law codes not only of continental Europe but also of Scotland, United Kingdom, Latin America, Japan, Louisiana in the United States, and the province of Quebec in Canada.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Series: Toronto Studies in Medieval Law
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 784 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.0in x 9.0in
  • Author Information

    Osvaldo Cavallar is a professor of Christian Studies at Nanzan University.


    Julius Kirshner is an emeritus professor of Medieval and Renaissance History at the University of Chicago.
  • Table of contents

    Acknowledgments
    Abbreviations
    Short Titles

    Introduction

    1. Professors and Students

    1. Foundations
    1.1. The Constitution “Habita” of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa (1155/58)
    1.2. Accursius’s Glosses to the Constitution “Habita”
    1.3. Students as Citizens in the Statutes of Modena (1327)
    2. “We Give You License to Teach Here and Everywhere”
    2.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1393–96)
    3. Privileges of Doctors and Students
    3.1. Simon of Borsano, Privileges of Doctors and Students (1361–70)
    4. How to Teach and Study Canon and Civil Law
    4.1. Franciscus de Zabarellis, How to Teach and Study Canon and Civil Law (ca. 1410)
    5. The Many Dwelling Places of Civil Wisdom
    5.1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Oration on Conferring the Doctorate of Law
    6. Death Benefits
    6.1. Iacobus Niccoli, Consilium (1400)
    7. Hired Hands
    7.1. Azo on Hiring (1208–10)
    7.2. Rainerius of Perugia, On Leasing out a Work to be Copied (1242)
    7.3. Salatiele, On Copyists and Other Persons Obligating Themselves to Perform Services (1248–54)
    7.4. Rolandinus de Passegeriis, On Hiring Another Person’s Services to Copy a Work (1273)
    8. Law Students’ Books 3
    8.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (1393–96)
    8.2. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (1393–96)
    9. “Many Books”
    9.1. Oldradus de Ponte, Whether It Is Advantageous to Have Many Books
    10. Doctoral Orations on the Nobility, Usefulness, and Origin of Law
    10.1. Doctoral Oration (ca. 1450)

    2. Legal Profession

    11. Advocates
    11.1. Guilelmus Durantis, Mirror of Law (Speculum iudicale) (ca. 1284–89)
    12. Fees
    12.1. Azo, Quaestio
    13. Proof of a Doctoral Degree
    13.1. Certifying a Judge’s Doctoral Degree in Florence (1374)
    14. Bella Figura: Florentine Jurists and their Wives
    14.1. Deliberation of the Guild of Judges and Notaries of Florence (9 Sept 1366)
    14.2 Provisions of Florence’s Sumptuary Laws, 1377 and 1388
    14.3 Stephanus de Bonacursis and Others, Consilium on the Exemption of Jurists and their Wives from Florence’s Sumptuary Laws (1390)
    15. A Waste of Time
    15.1. Franco Sacchetti, Novella XL (ca. 1392–93)
    16. “From the Mouth of God”
    16.1. Eulogy of Marianus Socinus of Siena (1467)

    3. Civil Procedure

    17. Civil Procedure in the Statutes of Florence
    17.1. On Civil Procedure (1415)
    18. Consilium Sapientis
    18.1. Requesting a Consilium Sapientis, Statutes of Florence (1415)
    19. Witnesses
    19.1. Treatise on Witnesses (Scientiam) (ca. 1230s) 
    20. False Testimony
    20.1. Francesco Guicciardini, Consilium (ca. 1505–16)

    4. Crime

    21. Criminal Procedure
    21.1. Albertus Gandinus, Tract on Crimes (1300)
    21.2. Judicial Inquiry of Albertus Gandinus against Cambinus Belli of Florence (1289)
    21.3. Expenses Incurred during a Trial (1298)
    22. Wounds
    22.1. Tract on Wounds
    23. Self-defense
    23.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1384)
    24. Vendetta
    24.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1391–93)
    25. Adultery
    25.1. Ivus de Coppolis, Consilium (ca. 1420–41)
    26. Abortion
    26.1. Digest, Glossa, and Bartolus of Sassoferrato
    26.2. Statutes of Biella (1245)
    26.3. Statutes of Siena (1309)
    26.4. Statutes of Castiglion Aretino (1384)
    26.5. Albericus de Rosate, Questions Concerning Statutes (1358)

    5. Serfdom

    27. Serfdom
    27.1. Martinus de Fano, Serfs (ca. 1256–59)
    27.2. Martinus de Fano, Notarial Forms for Drafting Contracts and Written Complaints (ca. 1232)

    6. Citizenship

    28. Making New Citizens in Arezzo
    28.1. Statutes of Arezzo (1327)
    29. Citizen Bartolus
    29.1. Petition to Grant Perugian Citizenship to Bartolus and His Brother Bonacursius (1348)
    30. Bartolus of Sassoferrato on Making New Citizens
    30.1. Consilium
    31. Dual Citizenship
    31.1. An Anonymous Opinion and Baldus de Ubaldis’s Consilium (ca. 1376–79)
    32. Loss and Reacquisition of Citizenship Rights and Benefits
    32.1. Angelus de Ubaldis, Consilium
    33. Married Women’s Citizenship (1)
    33.1. Digest, Code, Glossa, and Bartolus of Sassoferrato
    34. Married Women’s Citizenship (2)
    34.1. Iacobus de Fermo, Consilium (ca. 1400)
    34.2. Dionsius de Barigianis, Consilium (ca. post 1411)
    35. Jews as Citizens
    35.1. Ordinance on the Privileges and Obligations of Jewish Residents of Perugia (1381)

    7. Family Matters

    36. Paternal Power (Patria Potestas)
    36.1. Institutes (1. 9): “Paternal Power”
    36.2. Glossa to Institutes (1. 9): “Paternal Power”
    36.3. Angelus de Gambilionibus: Commentary to Ius autem (Inst. 1. 9. 2) (ca. 1441–49)
    36.4. Statutes of Perugia (1342): “Damnable Children Harming Their Own Parents”
    36.5. Statutes of Chianciano (1287): “Contracts Made by a Son-in-Power”
    36.6. Albericus of Rosate, Questions Concerning Statutes (1358)
    36.7. Francesco Guicciardini, Consilium (1516)
    37. Children Born Illegitimately
    37.1. Benedictus de Barzis, Children Born Illegitimately (1456)
    38. Contracting Marriage in Late Medieval Florence
    38.1. Betrothal Contract (Sponsalitium) (1391)
    38.2. Contracting Marriage (Anulum) (1391)
    39. Dowries
    39.1. Martinus Gosia, The Law of Dowries (ca. 1140)
    40. Vested Interests
    40.1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Commentary to In his rebus quas, Servis uxoris (Dig. 24. 3. 66. 1)
    40.2. Angelus de Ubaldis, Consilium
    40.3. Petrus de Albisis, Consilium
    41. Prohibition of Gifts between Husband and Wife
    41.1. Dig. 24. 1. 1, Moribus
    41.2. Dig. 24. 1. 2, Non cessat
    41.3. Baldus de Ubaldis, [First] Commentary to Dig. 24. 1. 1, Moribus
    41.4. Baldus de Ubaldis, [Second] Commentary to Dig. 24. 1. 1, Moribus
    41.5. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1396–1400)
    42. Remarriage of Widows and Conflicting Claims to the Dowry
    42.1. Franciscus de Albergottis, Consilium (ca. 1362–64)
    42.2. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1362–64)
    43. Testamentary and Intestate Succession
    43.1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Last Will (1356)
    43.2. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Consilium on Succession in stirpes or in capita
    43.3. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Consilium on Succession by Line of Descent
    43.4. Angelus de Ubaldis, Consilium
    44. Fraternal Households
    44.1. Iacobus de Balduinis, Brothers Living Together (ca. 1213)
    45. Support
    45.1. Martinus de Fano, Support (ca. 1265–72)

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