New Brunswick before the Equal Opportunity Program: History through a Social Work Lens
Prior to the implementation of the Equal Opportunity program in the 1960s, most New Brunswickers, many of them Francophone, lived with limited access to welfare, education, and health services. New Brunswick’s social services framework was similar to that of nineteenth-century England, and many people experienced the patronizing attitudes inherent in these laws. New Brunswick before the Equal Opportunity Program examines the observations and experiences of New Brunswick’s early social workers, who operated under this system, and illuminates how Premier Louis J. Robichaud’s Equal Opportunity program transformed the province’s social services.
Authors Laurel Lewey, Louis J. Richard, and Linda Turner, describe more than a century of social work history, including the work of the earliest Acadian social workers. They also address the fact that the federal government did not take responsibility for social welfare of the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet people, planning for assimilation instead. Clan structures continued to be relied on while subsisting upon inadequate relief provisions.
- Division: Scholarly Publishing
- World Rights
- Page Count: 288 pages
- Dimensions: 6.3in x 1.0in x 9.3in
"I was gripped by the levels of poverty and suffering reported in New Brunswick before the Equal Opportunity Program. The authors effectively create a rather frightening picture of life for the poor in New Brunswick, and do a thorough job describing the beginnings of social work in the province, its surprisingly slow development, and its importance to the development of social policy. This well-written, well-researched, and fascinating book makes a valuable contribution to Canadian social history."
Karen J. Swift, professor emeritus, School of Social Work, York University
Author InformationLaurel Lewey is an associate professor at the St. Thomas University.
Louis J. Richard is a retired professor of Social Work of the Université de Moncton.
Linda M. Turner is a social worker in the healthcare field in Nova Scotia.
Table of contents
Foreword by Nérée St-Amand
1. Introduction by Laurel Lewey, Louis J. Richard, and Linda Turner
2. A History of the Peoples of New Brunswick by Laurel Lewey, Louis J. Richard, and Linda Turner
3. Historical,Economic, and Political Contexts of Service Provision by Linda Turner
4. Poor Law Legislation and the Poverty Experience by Linda Turner and Laurel Lewey
5. Origins and Development of Social Care Agencies and Networks by Laurel Lewey and Linda Turner
6. The Evolution of Child Welfare by Laurel Lewey
7. A Portrait of New Brunswick’s Earliest Social Workers by Linda Turner
8. The First Acadian Social Workers by Louis J. Richard
9. Social Workers Experience Child Welfare: View from the Trenches by Laurel Lewey
10. Ushering in Equal Opportunity by Linda Turner, Louis J. Richard and Laurel Lewey
11. Conclusion by Laurel Lewey, Louis J. Richard, and Linda Turner
Appendix 1: Origin of the New Brunswick Association of Social Workers (NBASW)
Appendix 2: Biographical Sketches of Social Workers and Social Welfare Workers in New Brunswick, 1926–1966
Subjects and Courses