The Crusades: A Reader, Second Edition

Edited by S.J. Allen and Emilie Amt

© 2014

Since the publication of the first edition of The Crusades: A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations. The second edition features an intriguing new chapter on perceptions of the Crusades in the modern period, from David Hume and William Wordsworth to World War I political cartoons and crusading rhetoric circulating after 9/11. Islamic accounts of the treatment of prisoners have been added, as well as sources detailing the homecoming of those who had ventured to the Holy Land—including a newly translated reading on a woman crusader, Margaret of Beverly. The book contains sixteen images, study questions for each reading, and an index.

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Product Details

  • Series: Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 464 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.1in x 9.0in
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  • PUBLISHED APR 2014

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Quick Overview

Since the publication of the first edition of The Crusades: A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations.

The Crusades: A Reader, Second Edition

Edited by S.J. Allen and Emilie Amt

© 2014

Since the publication of the first edition of The Crusades: A Reader, interest in the Crusades has increased dramatically, fueled in part by current global interactions between the Muslim world and Western nations. The second edition features an intriguing new chapter on perceptions of the Crusades in the modern period, from David Hume and William Wordsworth to World War I political cartoons and crusading rhetoric circulating after 9/11. Islamic accounts of the treatment of prisoners have been added, as well as sources detailing the homecoming of those who had ventured to the Holy Land—including a newly translated reading on a woman crusader, Margaret of Beverly. The book contains sixteen images, study questions for each reading, and an index.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Series: Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 464 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.1in x 9.0in
  • Reviews

    Allen and Amt have dusted off the Crusades from the relics shelf of European history and have brought the conflict into a new age of scholarship, making use of a multifaceted, multicultural perspective of great value in our interconnected world where an understanding of cultural context is so vital.
    Comitatus

    The book's beauty lies in its documentation of relevant and important primary sources from both Christian as well as Muslim sources. Moreover, after documenting the sources it neither judges nor analyses; rather, at the end of almost each document it encourages readers to engage more with it and poses some important questions, such as why, what, how, and when.
    Journal of Human and Society

    The Crusades: A Reader is an indispensable teaching resource. As in the previous edition, Allen and Amt present a sampling of crusading and anti-crusading literature and imagery that is well suited to undergraduate readers. The collection devotes attention not just to the external theaters of crusading, but to the internal as well, and strikes an appropriate balance between the promoters and the critics of the Crusades. The second edition's inclusion of excerpts from al-Sulami's The Book of the Jihad is particularly welcome, as is the section on modern perceptions of the Crusades, with thirteen new sources that carry the history and historiography of crusading into the twenty-first century. There is in my opinion no better short collection of crusading sources in English translation.
    David J. Hay, University of Lethbridge

    The collection of translated sources in The Crusades: A Reader is one of the most comprehensive yet assembled. It covers the centuries from the late eleventh to the early sixteenth and includes texts illustrating actions in theaters of war that are often ignored, such as Spain, the Baltic region, and the interior of Western Europe. It is to be recommended as a very congenial and informative introduction to a large, complex, and historically important subject.
    Jonathan Riley-Smith, University of Cambridge

    This is a stellar collection, and there is nothing to equal it on the market. By bringing together primary sources written by various Christian, Muslim, and Jewish authors, this anthology elegantly conveys the diversity of experiences of the crusades&emdash;those of its participants and those of its victims. The questions for discussion that the authors provide are tailor-made for each source, and make teaching this complicated subject all the easier. This second edition is especially strong in its new coverage of modern perceptions of the Crusades. The editors are to be congratulated.
    Paul M. Cobb, University of Pennsylvania
  • Author Information

    S.J. Allen is Associate Lecturer in Arts and Humanities at The Open University, UK.


    Emilie Amt is the Hildegarde Pilgram Professor of History at Hood College, Maryland. Her books include The Crusades: A Reader (2003) and Women's Lives in Medieval Europe: A Sourcebook (2010).
  • Table of contents

    Acknowledgments

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Introduction

    I. Background and Origins

    1. The Pilgrimage of Etheria
    2. Augustine of Hippo on the Just War
    3. The Qur'an
    4. al-Baladhuri on Early Muslim Conquests
    5. The Pact of Omar
    6. Early Indulgences
    7. Ibnu Hayyan on Warfare in Spain
    8. The Song of Roland
    9. Declaration of the Truce of God
    10. Matthew of Edessa on the Seljuk Conquests
    11. Gregory VII's Call for Assistance to the Greeks

    II. The First Crusade

    12. Urban II's Call for a Crusade
    13. Albert of Aachen on the Peasants' Crusade
    14. Solomon bar Samson on the Massacres of Jews
    15. Anna Comnena's Alexiad
    16. The Deeds of the Franks
    17. Letter of Stephen of Blois
    18. Anselm of Ribemont on Events at Antioch
    19. Ralph of Caen on Divisions among the Crusaders
    20. Raymond of Aguilers on the Fall of Jerusalem
    21. Letter of Pope Paschal on the Capture of Jerusalem
    22 'Ali ibn Tahir al-Sulami's The Book of the Jihad
    23. Abu l-Muzaffar al-Abiwardi on the Fall of Jerusalem

    III. The Crusader States

    24. William of Tyre's History
    25. Fulcher of Chartres's History
    26. Venetian Treaty
    27. Laws of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
    28. The Travels of Saewulf
    29. John of Würzburg's Pilgrim Guide
    30. The Travels of Ibn Jubayr
    31. Memoirs of Usamah Ibn Munqidh
    32. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela

    IV. The Second and Third Crusades

    33. Ibn al-Qalanisi on Zengi and Nur ad-Din
    34. Ibn al-Athir on the Fall of Edessa
    35. Letter of Bernard of Clairvaux
    36. Bernard of Clairvaux: In Praise of the New Knighthood
    37. The Rule of the Templars
    38. Odo of Deuil: The Journey of Louis VII to the East
    39. John Kinnamos: The Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus
    40. Analyses of the Second Crusade
    41. Baha ad-Din's Life of Saladin
    42. Imad ad-Din on the Battle of Hattin
    43. Roger of Wendover on the Fall of Jerusalem
    44. Letters on the Fall of Jerusalem
    45. Taxation and Regulations for the Third Crusade
    46. Islamic Accounts of the Treatment of Prisoners
    47. Accounts of the Third Crusade

    V. Setting Out and Returning Home

    48. Gerald of Wales on Preaching a Crusade
    49. Privileges and Indulgences
    50. Personal Arrangements
    51. Liturgy for Pilgrims and Crusaders
    52. Financial Accounts
    53. Travel Information
    54. Accounts of Crusader Homecomings
    55. Thomas of Froidmont, The Adventures of Margaret of Beverly, a Woman Crusader
    56. Crusading Songs

    VI. The Age of Innocent III

    57. Letters of Innocent III
    58. Accounts of the Fourth Crusade
    59. Documents on the Sack of Constantinople
    60. Bernard of Gui's Manual for Inquisitors
    61. William of Tudela's Song of the Cathar Wars
    62. Accounts of the Children's Crusade
    63. Decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council
    64. Oliver of Paderborn on the Fifth Crusade

    VII. Crusades of the Holy Roman Empire

    65. Charter to German Settlers
    66. Poem Describing Cistercian Settlement
    67. Proclamations of Northern European Crusades
    68. Helmold's Chronicle of the Slavs
    69. The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia
    70. The Rule of the Teutonic Knights
    71. Nikolaus von Jeroschin on the Prussian Crusades
    72. Philip of Novara on Frederick II's Crusade
    73. Frederick II on His Taking of Jerusalem and Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi's Recording of the Event
    74. Responses to Frederick II's Crusade

    VIII. Conflict and Coexistence in Spain

    75. Chronicle of the Cid
    76. The Conquest of Lisbon
    77. Alfonso VIII's Report on Las Navas de Tolosa
    78. Muslim-Christian Treaty
    79. Moorish Laws
    80. Christian Laws
    81. Constitutions of the Order of Merced
    82. Expulsion of the Jews from Spain
    83. Abu Abdilla Mohammed on the Expulsion of the Muslims

    IX. Crusades at the Crossroads

    84. Joinville's Life of St. Louis
    85. Matthew Paris on the Shepherds' Crusade
    86. Ibn Al-Athir on the Mongol Invasion
    87. Ibn 'Abd al-Zahir's Biography of Baybars
    88. Ludolph von Suchem on the Fall of Acre and Its Aftermath
    89. Humbert of Romans on Criticisms of Crusading
    90. Ramon Lull's Plan to Convert the Muslims
    91. Order for the Arrest of the Templars and Papal Bull Suppressing the Templars
    92. John Mandeville on Prester John
    93. Letters between Pope Innocent IV and Guyuk Khan
    94. Johann Schiltberger on the Nicopolis Crusade
    95. Kritovoulos on the Fall of Constantinople
    96. Pius II's Commentaries
    97. Erasmus On the War against the Turks

    X. Modern Perceptions of the Crusades

    98. David Hume on the Crusades
    99. Edward Gibbon's Evaluation of the Crusades
    100. William Wordsworth's Ecclesiastical Sonnets
    101. Michaud, History of the Crusades
    102. William Hillary's Call for a New Crusade
    103. Sayyid 'Ali Hariri's Book of the Splendid Stories of the Crusades
    104. World War I Political Cartoons
    105. Sayyid Qutb's Social Justice in Islam and Muhammad Asad's Islam at the Crossroads
    106. The Hamas Covenant
    107. Pope John Paul II's Statements about Past Christian Actions
    108. Crusading Rhetoric after 9/11
    109. Modern Use of Images of Saladin
    110. Umej Bhatia's Analysis of the Crusades and Modern Muslim Memory

    Sources

    Index of Topics

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