Three Bio-Realms: Biotechnology and the Governance of Food, Health, and Life in Canada

By G. Bruce Doern and Michael J. Prince

© 2012

Biotechnology has become one of the most important issues in public policy and governance, altering the boundaries between the public and the private, the economic and the social, and further complicating the divide between what is scientifically possible and ethically preferred. Given the importance of biotechnology in shaping relations between the state, science, the economy, and the citizenry, a book that explores the Canadian biotechnology regime and its place in our democracy is timelier than ever.

Three Bio-Realms provides the first integrated examination of the thirty-year story of the democratic governance of biotechnology in Canada. G. Bruce Doern and Michael J. Prince, two recognized specialists in governance innovation and social policy, look at particular ‘network-based’ factors that seek to promote and to regulate biotechnology inside the state as well as at broader levels. Unmatched by any other book in its historical scope and range, Three Bio-Realms is sure to be read for years to come.

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Product Details

  • Series: Studies in Comparative Political Economy and Public Policy
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 280 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 0.7in x 9.0in
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SKU# SP003082

  • PUBLISHED JUN 2012

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    Regular Price: $33.95

    ISBN 9781442611542
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Quick Overview

Three Bio-Realms provides the first integrated examination of the thirty-year story of the democratic governance of biotechnology in Canada.

Three Bio-Realms: Biotechnology and the Governance of Food, Health, and Life in Canada

By G. Bruce Doern and Michael J. Prince

© 2012

Biotechnology has become one of the most important issues in public policy and governance, altering the boundaries between the public and the private, the economic and the social, and further complicating the divide between what is scientifically possible and ethically preferred. Given the importance of biotechnology in shaping relations between the state, science, the economy, and the citizenry, a book that explores the Canadian biotechnology regime and its place in our democracy is timelier than ever.

Three Bio-Realms provides the first integrated examination of the thirty-year story of the democratic governance of biotechnology in Canada. G. Bruce Doern and Michael J. Prince, two recognized specialists in governance innovation and social policy, look at particular ‘network-based’ factors that seek to promote and to regulate biotechnology inside the state as well as at broader levels. Unmatched by any other book in its historical scope and range, Three Bio-Realms is sure to be read for years to come.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Series: Studies in Comparative Political Economy and Public Policy
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 280 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 0.7in x 9.0in
  • Author Information

    G. Bruce Doern is a professor emeritus in the School of Public Policy and Administration, Carleton University. He is the author and co-author of numerous books on Canadian politics and policy, including Faith and Fear: The Free Trade Story, with Brian Tomlin, and Canadian Public Policy: Ideas, Structure, Process, with Richard Phidd.



    Michael J. Prince is the Lansdowne professor of Social Policy in the Faculty of Human and Social Development at the University of Victoria.
  • Table of contents

    Preface

    Abbreviations

    List of Tables

    INTRODUCTION: THREE REALMS OF BIOTECHNOLOGY

    Purposes and Contribution

    The Three Bio-Realms and Related Products and Processes

    Main Arguments

    Foundational Concepts and Analytical Framework

    Structure of the Book

    PART I: ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK AND HISTORICAL POLICY CONTEXT

    CHAPTER 1- THE STATE, NETWORKED DEMOCRACY AND SCIENCE-BASED GOVERNANCE

    Introduction

    Conceptual Foundations

    • Governance and Regulation
    • Networked Democracy and Interests
    • The Nature of Biotechnology and Science-based Governance

    The Analytical Framework: Three Core Elements

    • The State as Biotech Supporter and Biotech Regulator
    • Networked Biotech Governance Interests and Democracy
    • Science-based and Precautionary Governance

    Conclusions

    CHAPTER 2- NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL BIOTECHNOLOGY POLICY IN LIBERAL AND CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT ERAS

    Introduction

    Biotech Policy in the Trudeau and Mulroney Eras: Early Support and Major Trade and Patent Policy Impacts

    Biotech Policy in the Chretien Liberal Era: Towards Better Balance amidst Extended Trade and Precautionary Norms

    Biotech Policy in the Chretien, Martin and Harper Eras Since 2000:

    Towards a Genome-Centred Bio-Economy?

    The Core Politics Underlying International Biotech Policy

    Conclusions

    PART II: EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CHANGING BIOTECH-GOVERNANCE REGIME

    CHAPTER 3: SCIENCE AND SUPPORTIVE GOVERNANCE

    Introduction

    Federal and Related Biotech Research Agencies: Networked Governance, Support and Research Conduct

    • National Research Council (NRC)
    • The Granting Councils’ Networks of Centres of Excellence
    • Canada Foundation for Innovation
    • The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
    • Genome Canada

    Biotech Policy and Advisory Bodies and Arenas of Partial Support, Debate, Criticism and Engagement

    • Industry Canada and Its Innovation and Related Intellectual Policy Agenda
    • Engaging Ministers in The Interdepartmental Bio-Policy and Bio-Governance Structure
    • CBAC, External Advice and Governance Through Citizen Engagement
    • Periodic Parliamentary and Opposition Party Involvement, Criticism and Inquiries.

    Biotech Policy and the Search for Technology Assessment Arenas

    Conclusions

    CHAPTER 4 - THE BIO-FOOD REALM: BUSINESS DOMINATED PLURALISTC POWER

    Introduction

    Bio-Food Regulation Making: Initial Design and Congealment under Institutionalized Pluralistic Power

    Pre-Market Bio-Food Product Assessment and Approvals under Novel Food Concepts and Regulations

    Product Regulation on Research on Plants with Novel Traits (PNT) and Potential Unconfined Environmental Release

    Bio-Food Post Market Regulatory Monitoring

    Conclusions

    CHAPTER 5- THE BIO-HEALTH REALM: NETWORKED POWER AND GOVERANCE

    Introduction

    Changing Bio-Health Regulation and Related Policy Development

    Pre-Market Assessment and Approvals of Biologics and Genetic Therapies

    Post Market Regulatory Monitoring and Assessment for Funding under Medicare and Health Care Plans

    Conclusions

    CHAPTER 6- THE BIO-LIFE REALM: PLAYING CATCH-UP WITH SELF-DISCIPLINED POWER RELATIONS

    Introduction

    Bio-life Civic Regulation, Bio-Power and Bio-Politics

    Bio-life Regulation and Rule-Making

    Regulating Bio-life Products and Activities: The Case of Assisted Human Reproduction

    Inspection, Enforcement and Post- Monitoring Bio-life Activities

    Outstanding Issues, Genetic Testing, AHRA Inertia and the Politics of Implementation

    Conclusions

    CHAPTER 7- POWER, CHANGING BIOTECH GOVERNANCE AND EXTENDING DEMOCRACY

    Introduction

    Key Arguments and Related Explanations of Biotechnology Governance Regime Change

    Biotechnology Governance Challenges and Extending Democracy

    REFERENCES

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