Welfare Reform in Canada: Provincial Social Assistance in Comparative Perspective
Welfare Reform in Canada provides systematic knowledge of Canadian social assistance by assessing provincial welfare regimes and emphasizing changes since the late twentieth century. The book examines activation, social investment, and economic inequalities and provides nuanced perspectives on social welfare across Canada's provinces in relation to trends and issues in the country and beyond. These conceptual, international, and historical perspectives inform in-depth case studies of social assistance reform in each province. The key issues of social assistance in Canada, including gender relations, immigrants, Aboriginal peoples, and the impact of activation programs, are addressed, as is the possibility of convergence taking place in provincial welfare policy.
This book is the second volume in the Johnson-Shoyama Series on Public Policy, published by the University of Toronto Press in association with the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, an interdisciplinary centre for research, teaching, and executive training with campuses at the Universities of Regina and Saskatchewan.
- Series: The Johnson-Shoyama Series on Public Policy
- Division: Higher Education
- World Rights
- Page Count: 419 pages
- Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.1in x 9.0in
ReviewsBeland and Daigneault have assembled a wide-ranging and comprehensive study of what remains an essential component of Canada’s social security system, as it is in most liberal welfare states. The chapters are effectively organized to offer a thorough overview of Canadian social assistance. Almost all empirical chapters are detailed and well organized, which attests to fine editorial oversight and the careful selection of participants, as well as reflecting consistent dedication by the authors. By bringing the volume to print so quickly, the University of Toronto Press is offering readers very current assessments of these programmes. This is an important study.
Journal of Social Policy
Few, if any, planks in our social policy architecture have been restructured as much as social assistance, and Welfare Reform in Canada provides a comprehensive analysis of the causes and consequences of these changes. Bringing together an exceptional team of scholars and drawing on insights from comparative analysis, this book is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand the new social risks and stresses in contemporary Canada and the country's halting response to them.
Keith G. Banting, Queen's University
Author InformationDaniel Béland is Professor and Canada Research Chair in Public Policy at the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy.
Pierre-Marc Daigneault is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Université Laval, and specializes in social policy, policy theories, program evaluation, and research methods.
Table of contentsList of Illustrations
List of Contributors
Introduction: Understanding Welfare Reform in the Canadian Provinces
Pierre-Marc Daigneault and Daniel Béland
Part I: International, Comparative, and Multilevel Perspectives
1. International Trends in Social Assistance
Robert Henry Cox
2. Federal Policies, National Trends, and Provincial Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Recent Developments in Social Assistance in Canada, 1990-2013
Gerard W. Boychuk
3. An Overview of Social Assistance Trends in Canada
Ronald Kneebone and Katherine White
4. Poverty and Inequality Trends in Canada
Brian Murphy, Andrew Heisz, and Xuelin Zhang
Part II: The State of Social Assistance in the Provinces
5. Social Assistance in Ontario
6. Québec: The Ambivalent Politics of Social Solidarity
7. Social Assistance in British Columbia
8. The State of Social Assistance in Alberta
Donna E. Wood
9. Social Assistance in Saskatchewan: Development, Reform, and Retrenchment
10. Social Assistance in Manitoba
11. Social Assistance in New Brunswick: Origins, Developments, and Current Situation
Luc Thériault and Hélène Lebreton
12. Welfare Reform in Canada: Nova Scotia
13. The State of Social Assistance in Newfoundland and Labrador
14. The State of Social Assistance in Prince Edward Island
Part III: Contemporary Issues and Challenges
15. Gendering Social Assistance Reform
16. Entrenched Residualism: Social Assistance and People with Disabilities
Michael J. Prince
17. Immigrants on Social Assistance in Canada: Who Are They and Why Are They There?
Tracy Smith-Carrier and Jennifer Mitchell
18. Playing Catch-up with Ghosts: Income Assistance for First Nations on Reserve
19. Aging and Social Assistance in the Provinces
Patrik Marier and Anne-Marie Séguin
20. Shelter and the Street: Housing, Homelessness, and Social Assistance in the Canadian Provinces
Michael J. Prince
21. Do Active Programs Work? A Review of Canadian Welfare-to-Work Experiments
Conclusion: A Brief Survey of Welfare Reform in the Canadian Provinces
Daniel Béland and Pierre-Marc Daigneault
Postface: From Welfare Reform—to Welfare Reformulation
Sherri Torjman and Ken Battle
Subjects and Courses