Welfare Reform in Canada: Provincial Social Assistance in Comparative Perspective

Edited by Daniel Béland and Pierre-Marc Daigneault

© 2015

Welfare Reform in Canada provides systematic knowledge of Canadian social assistance by assessing provincial welfare regimes and emphasizing changes since the late twentieth century. The book examines activation, social investment, and economic inequalities and provides nuanced perspectives on social welfare across Canada's provinces in relation to trends and issues in the country and beyond. These conceptual, international, and historical perspectives inform in-depth case studies of social assistance reform in each province. The key issues of social assistance in Canada, including gender relations, immigrants, Aboriginal peoples, and the impact of activation programs, are addressed, as is the possibility of convergence taking place in provincial welfare policy.

This book is the second volume in the Johnson-Shoyama Series on Public Policy, published by the University of Toronto Press in association with the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, an interdisciplinary centre for research, teaching, and executive training with campuses at the Universities of Regina and Saskatchewan.

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Product Details

  • Series: The Johnson-Shoyama Series on Public Policy
  • Division: Higher Education
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 419 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.1in x 9.0in
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SKU# HE000612

  • PUBLISHED SEP 2015
    From: $44.95
    ISBN 9781442609716
  • PUBLISHED SEP 2015
    From: $97.00
    ISBN 9781442609723
  • PUBLISHED SEP 2015
    From: $35.95

Quick Overview

Welfare Reform in Canada provides systematic knowledge of Canadian social assistance by assessing provincial welfare regimes and emphasizing changes since the late 20th century.

Welfare Reform in Canada: Provincial Social Assistance in Comparative Perspective

Edited by Daniel Béland and Pierre-Marc Daigneault

© 2015

Welfare Reform in Canada provides systematic knowledge of Canadian social assistance by assessing provincial welfare regimes and emphasizing changes since the late twentieth century. The book examines activation, social investment, and economic inequalities and provides nuanced perspectives on social welfare across Canada's provinces in relation to trends and issues in the country and beyond. These conceptual, international, and historical perspectives inform in-depth case studies of social assistance reform in each province. The key issues of social assistance in Canada, including gender relations, immigrants, Aboriginal peoples, and the impact of activation programs, are addressed, as is the possibility of convergence taking place in provincial welfare policy.

This book is the second volume in the Johnson-Shoyama Series on Public Policy, published by the University of Toronto Press in association with the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy, an interdisciplinary centre for research, teaching, and executive training with campuses at the Universities of Regina and Saskatchewan.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Series: The Johnson-Shoyama Series on Public Policy
  • Division: Higher Education
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 419 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.1in x 9.0in
  • Reviews

    Beland and Daigneault have assembled a wide-ranging and comprehensive study of what remains an essential component of Canada’s social security system, as it is in most liberal welfare states. The chapters are effectively organized to offer a thorough overview of Canadian social assistance. Almost all empirical chapters are detailed and well organized, which attests to fine editorial oversight and the careful selection of participants, as well as reflecting consistent dedication by the authors. By bringing the volume to print so quickly, the University of Toronto Press is offering readers very current assessments of these programmes. This is an important study.
    Journal of Social Policy

    Few, if any, planks in our social policy architecture have been restructured as much as social assistance, and Welfare Reform in Canada provides a comprehensive analysis of the causes and consequences of these changes. Bringing together an exceptional team of scholars and drawing on insights from comparative analysis, this book is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand the new social risks and stresses in contemporary Canada and the country's halting response to them.
    Keith G. Banting, Queen's University
  • Author Information

    Daniel Béland is professor of political science and Director of the McGill Institute for the Study of Canada at McGill University.


    Pierre-Marc Daigneault is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Université Laval, and specializes in social policy, policy theories, program evaluation, and research methods.
  • Table of contents

    List of Illustrations
    List of Contributors
    Preface
    Introduction: Understanding Welfare Reform in the Canadian Provinces
    Pierre-Marc Daigneault and Daniel Béland

    Part I: International, Comparative, and Multilevel Perspectives
    1. International Trends in Social Assistance
    Robert Henry Cox
    2. Federal Policies, National Trends, and Provincial Systems: A Comparative Analysis of Recent Developments in Social Assistance in Canada, 1990-2013
    Gerard W. Boychuk
    3. An Overview of Social Assistance Trends in Canada
    Ronald Kneebone and Katherine White
    4. Poverty and Inequality Trends in Canada
    Brian Murphy, Andrew Heisz, and Xuelin Zhang

    Part II: The State of Social Assistance in the Provinces
    5. Social Assistance in Ontario
    Peter Graefe
    6. Québec: The Ambivalent Politics of Social Solidarity
    Alain Noël
    7. Social Assistance in British Columbia
    Jane Pulkingham
    8. The State of Social Assistance in Alberta
    Donna E. Wood
    9. Social Assistance in Saskatchewan: Development, Reform, and Retrenchment
    Rick August
    10. Social Assistance in Manitoba
    Wayne Simpson
    11. Social Assistance in New Brunswick: Origins, Developments, and Current Situation
    Luc Thériault and Hélène Lebreton
    12. Welfare Reform in Canada: Nova Scotia
    Stella Lord
    13. The State of Social Assistance in Newfoundland and Labrador
    Matthieu Mondou
    14. The State of Social Assistance in Prince Edward Island
    Kathleen Flanagan

    Part III: Contemporary Issues and Challenges
    15. Gendering Social Assistance Reform
    Amber Gazso
    16. Entrenched Residualism: Social Assistance and People with Disabilities
    Michael J. Prince
    17. Immigrants on Social Assistance in Canada: Who Are They and Why Are They There?
    Tracy Smith-Carrier and Jennifer Mitchell
    18. Playing Catch-up with Ghosts: Income Assistance for First Nations on Reserve
    Martin Papillon
    19. Aging and Social Assistance in the Provinces
    Patrik Marier and Anne-Marie Séguin
    20. Shelter and the Street: Housing, Homelessness, and Social Assistance in the Canadian Provinces
    Michael J. Prince
    21. Do Active Programs Work? A Review of Canadian Welfare-to-Work Experiments
    Kelly Foley
    Conclusion: A Brief Survey of Welfare Reform in the Canadian Provinces
    Daniel Béland and Pierre-Marc Daigneault

    Postface: From Welfare Reform—to Welfare Reformulation
    Sherri Torjman and Ken Battle

    Index

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