Andrew Fernando Holmes: Protestantism, Medicine, and Science in Nineteenth-Century Montreal
This is the first comprehensive study of the life and work of Andrew Fernando Holmes, famous for his work on congenital heart disease.
Physician, surgeon, natural historian, educator, Protestant evangelical. Andrew Fernando Holmes’s name is synonymous with the McGill medical faculty and with the discovery of a congenital heart malformation known as the "Holmes heart." He also played a critical role in the creation of a scientific culture in early-nineteenth-century Montreal. Born in captivity at Cadiz, Spain, Holmes immigrated to Lower Canada in the first decade of the nineteenth century. He arrived in a province that was experiencing profound social, economic, and cultural change as the result of a long process of integration into the British Atlantic world. A transatlantic perspective, therefore, undergirds this biography, from an exploration of how Holmes’s family members were participants in an Atlantic world of trade and consumption, to explaining how his educational experiences at Edinburgh and Paris informed his approach to the practice of medicine, medical education, and medical politics.
- World Rights
- Page Count: 400 pages
- Dimensions: 6.5in x 1.3in x 9.3in
"The strength of the work lies in the historical detail amassed by Richard W. Vaudry, and the vignettes of the early Montreal General Hospital and McGill's Faculty of Medicine."
Abraham Fuks, Department of Medicine, McGill University
"Richard W. Vaudry convincingly argues that, in both the personal and professional spheres, Holmes was deeply influenced by his religious faith. That influence is most clearly demonstrated in Vaudry's discussion of Holmes' own religion, as well as his engagement in science in the years before Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species transformed natural science into a battleground between those who shared Holmes' belief that God was in nature, and Agnostics, like Thomas Huxley. Vaudry also provides a detailed discussion of the politics of medicine at the university, as well as at the colonial and imperial levels."
Todd Webb, Department of History, Laurentian University
Author InformationRichard W. Vaudry is an emeritus professor in the Department of History at The King’s University.
Table of contents
Introduction: The Anniversary
1. From Cadiz to Lower Canada: Holmes’s Atlantic World
2. “Well and Sufficiently Taught”
3. The Origins of McGill Medicine
4. Family and Religious Life
5. “The Wonders of Creation”
6. McGill and the Politics of Medicine
7. The Practice of Medicine
Subjects and Courses