Tag Archives: Canadian Public Policy
Guest post by Joe Martin, co-author of 'From Wall Street to Bay Street'.
UTP Journals shares open access articles to celebrate the UN’s World Environment Day (WED), a global platform for encouraging awareness, action, and learning.
Written by the Smart Prosperity Institute on the release of the special November issue of Canadian Public Policy, which you can access here for free!
We are excited to be guest editors for the new special issue of Canadian Public Policy Journal (CPP) - “Big Ideas for Sustainable Prosperity: Policy Innovation for Greening Growth.”
Recognizing that Canada needs to accelerate its shift to a cleaner and more sustainable economy, we brought together a group of prominent environment and economy experts for a two-day conference at the University of Ottawa, and we asked them to share their “big ideas” on driving Canada’s green growth transition. In collaboration with Canadian Public Policy Journal, we are releasing a special issue that captures the ideas and discussion coming out from that conference.
The authors wrote the papers featured in this special issue specifically as big think pieces to help spur new ideas and research questions — and as such they do not conform to typical academic articles. Rather than focusing on presenting new research (although this could help inform their arguments), we asked them to identify policy challenges or changes needed to drive greener growth, as well as point to key research questions that might help inform these changes.
The release of this special issue comes just as we’ve changed our name from Sustainable Prosperity to Smart Prosperity Institute – and it could not come at a better time. The ten papers presented in this issue reflect some of the “big ideas” that have shaped our new and expanded mandate. This journal release represents a turning point for our organization. The articles both capture what we’ve learned during the past eight years – such as the important role that market-based instruments can play in creating price signals – as well as frames a number of new policy horizons, including accelerating clean innovation and promoting the accurate valuation of natural capital.
As you explore the “big ideas” proposed by some of Canada’s leading thinkers on the environment and the economy, you will get a sense of some of the exciting and timely directions that Smart Prosperity Institute will go in the coming months and years.
We would like to express our heartfelt appreciation to all authors and reviewers, as well as the Canadian Public Policy Journal team for making this special issue a reality.
We also gratefully acknowledge financial support for this special issue by Natural Resources Canada and the University of Ottawa, as well as core support for the Sustainable Prosperity Research and Policy Network from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, and the Ontario Ministry of Environment.
This piece was originally posted on the Smart Prosperity Institute blog.
Our final feature for Open Access Week 2016 is dedicated to Canadian Public Policy (CPP), Canada’s foremost journal examining economic and social policy!
The aim of the journal is to stimulate research and discussion of public policy problems in Canada.
It is a great resource for a wide readership including decision makers and advisers in business organizations and governments, and policy researchers in private institutions and universities.
What’s more is that readers can access a number of CPP articles for free!
Here are some great free-to-read articles that are featured in recent issues of CPP:
- “The Doug Purvis Memorial Lecture—Monetary/Fiscal Policy Mix and Financial Stability: The Medium Term Is Still the Message.” by Stephen S. Poloz. Volume 42, Issue 3 (2016)
- “Canadian Provincial Government Budget Data, 1980/81 to 2013/14.” by Ronald Kneebone and Margarita Wilkins. Volume 42, Issue 1
- “The Short-Run Household, Industrial, and Labour Impacts of the Quebec Carbon Market.” by Christopher Barrington-Leigh, Bronwen Tucker, and Joaquin Kritz Lara. Volume 41, Issue 4 (2015)
In addition to these articles, readers can also access entire supplemental issues of CPP for free! Here are some recent supplemental issues:
- Volume 41, Supplement 2 (2015)
- Volume 41, Supplement 1 (2015)
- Strengthening Communities Through Government and Social Economy Partnerships. Volume 40, Supplement 1 (2014)
- Environmental Policy in Canada. Volume 39, Supplement 2 (2013)
You can access CPP online here.
Don’t forget to sign up for our email list!
International Open Access Week 2016 takes place from October 24–30. For more information, please visit http://www.openaccessweek.org/
Written by guest blogger, Laura Anderson
How can it be that in a rich country like Canada, food insecurity, and its most extreme form—hunger—are not rare? In fact, 1 in 8 households in Canada is food insecure. Would an answer be apparent if we knew how the problem was talked about by our legislators?
In our paper, ``Food Insecurity in Canada: Problem definition and potential solutions in the public policy domain”, we examined how food insecurity is discussed in the Canadian political discourse, specifically in Parliament and in selected provincial legislatures. We analyzed the Federal Hansard records and those of three provinces over the last two decades to bring to light how Canadian politicians construct the problem of household food insecurity.
We learned in the political debates that food insecurity is inextricably linked to food banks in this country. Food banks are in fact the dominant charitable response to hunger in Canada, and have been since the 1980s. The problem is that food banks don’t address the fundamental cause of food insecurity – inability to afford food- and also cannot possibly on their own address the issue of hunger. As Toronto’s Daily Bread Food Bank points out, food bank use only scratches the surface of food insecurity: many who need help do not even use food banks.
Additionally, a number of legislators linked food insecurity with policies unrelated to economic remedies: programs to encourage healthy eating among populations who cannot afford healthy foods; and meal supplement programs for children. These do not address food insecurity, but emotionally-charged images such as hungry children, in the political rhetoric may be shifting the focus away from the root cause of food insecurity: inadequate income to afford food.
How do Canadian legislators characterize the food insecure? Overwhelmingly, those who are food insecure are characterized as needy, or vulnerable. More often than not, rather than acknowledging the need for all Canadians to have access to the food they need, images of specific social categories which are more likely to be perceived as “deserving” are conjured. These are often children, those with physical or mental health issues, women, or senior citizens. Some of these groups are at a higher risk of food insecurity—Canadian seniors are not because of our program of seniors’ benefits. Other groups are conspicuously absent from the discussion. Aboriginal and Black populations living in urban areas, recently arrived immigrants, and households headed by lone mothers have been well-documented to be at a high risk of food insecurity, but are rarely if ever mentioned in political debate.
The findings from our study show us that there is a lively discussion of food insecurity in the Canadian political debate. There is some discussion around the problem of inadequate income to afford healthy food – the root cause of food insecurity- but not enough to suggest that it is the primary focus of legislators’ discussions around solutions to the problem of food insecurity.
Anderson's article "Household Food Insecurity in Canada: Problem Definition and Potential Solutions in the Public Policy Domain" is currently available Ahead of Print on CPPOnline, and will be published in the forthcoming issue of Canadian Public Policy.
Submission information for Canadian Public Policy is available here.
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