Founding a Balkan State: Albania's Experiment with Democracy, 1920-1925
Founding a Balkan State examines the pivotal period in Albanian history when the country's fundamental goals and directions were most hotly contested. In 1920, liberal Albanian leaders – led by the US-educated Bishop Fan S. Noli – began working to introduce democracy to the country, hoping that it would lead to modernization, prosperity, and overturning the legacy of five hundred years of Ottoman rule. In 1924, these leaders mounted a successful revolution; by 1925, however, their forces were in retreat. Albania soon slid into dictatorship under Ahmed Bey Zogu – first as president, then as self-proclaimed king.
Founding a Balkan State provides the only comprehensive assessment in English of these events. Robert C. Austin first delves into the country's weak domestic and international position both before and after the First World War, then assesses the internal and external challenges posed to its state- and nation-building efforts. Austin shrewdly demonstrates how the missed opportunities of Albania's political transition affected the course of Balkan history for decades to come.
- World Rights
- Page Count: 248 pages
- Dimensions: 6.4in x 0.9in x 9.4in
Reviews‘Austin’s book is a very important and valuable groundbreaking work that is likely to have a major influence on future studies of the Zogist period.’
Canadian Journal of History, vol 68: autumn 2013
‘Austin’s excellent survey is a welcome addition to the scholarship…. Students of the modern Balkans will benefit most from this work.’
Slavic Review vol 72:04:2013
‘Robert C. Austin's Founding a Balkan State provides a perceptive, impressively researched account of an important period in Albanian history. The author carefully explores and analyzes the factors that impeded efforts at nation- and state- building in Albania between 1921-24 within the the context of the competing policies and visions for Albania of the progressive Fan Noli and and his main opponent, Ahmet Zogu. Especially significant is Austin's effective use of archival material, both published and unpublished, which yields considerable information on conditions in Albania at this time and enriches the narrative and analytical quality of this work.‘
Nicholas C. Pano, Department of History, Western Illinois University
Author InformationRobert C. Austin is an associate professor at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto.
Table of contents
Map 1 Albania
Map 2 The Disputed Regions of Vermosh and Saint Naum
1 Internal and External Challenges
2 Creating a Revolutionary Situation
3 Fan Noli in Power
4 Albania's Neighbours - Yugoslavia and Greece
5 Great Britain, Italy, and the United States
6 The League of Nations and the Soviet Union
7 Traitor One Day, Patriot the Next
Subjects and Courses