From New Peoples to New Nations: Aspects of Metis History and Identity from the Eighteenth to the Twenty-first Centuries

By Gerhard J. Ens and Joe Sawchuk

© 2015

From New Peoples to New Nations is a broad historical account of the emergence of the Metis as distinct peoples in North America over the last three hundred years. Examining the cultural, economic, and political strategies through which communities define their boundaries, Gerhard J. Ens and Joe Sawchuk trace the invention and reinvention of Metis identity from the late eighteenth century to the present day. Their work updates, rethinks, and integrates the many disparate aspects of Metis historiography, providing the first comprehensive narrative of Metis identity in more than fifty years.

Based on extensive archival materials, interviews, oral histories, ethnographic research, and first-hand working knowledge of Metis political organizations, From New Peoples to New Nations addresses the long and complex history of Metis identity from the Battle of Seven Oaks to today’s legal and political debates.

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Product Details

  • Division: Scholarly Publishing
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 704 pages
  • Illustrations: 14
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.5in x 9.0in
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SKU# SP003970

  • PUBLISHED DEC 2015

    From: $42.50

    Regular Price: $50.00

    ISBN 9781442627116
  • PUBLISHED JAN 2016

    From: $41.61

    Regular Price: $48.95

Quick Overview

From New Peoples to New Nations is a broad historical account of the emergence of the Metis as distinct peoples in North America over the last three hundred years.

From New Peoples to New Nations: Aspects of Metis History and Identity from the Eighteenth to the Twenty-first Centuries

By Gerhard J. Ens and Joe Sawchuk

© 2015

From New Peoples to New Nations is a broad historical account of the emergence of the Metis as distinct peoples in North America over the last three hundred years. Examining the cultural, economic, and political strategies through which communities define their boundaries, Gerhard J. Ens and Joe Sawchuk trace the invention and reinvention of Metis identity from the late eighteenth century to the present day. Their work updates, rethinks, and integrates the many disparate aspects of Metis historiography, providing the first comprehensive narrative of Metis identity in more than fifty years.

Based on extensive archival materials, interviews, oral histories, ethnographic research, and first-hand working knowledge of Metis political organizations, From New Peoples to New Nations addresses the long and complex history of Metis identity from the Battle of Seven Oaks to today’s legal and political debates.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Division: Scholarly Publishing
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 704 pages
  • Illustrations: 14
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.5in x 9.0in
  • Reviews

    ‘Ens and Sawchuck have written the most comprehensive and balanced view of Métis history to date, which will provide much-needed context for all who seek to better understand who the Métis are and the centuries of struggle they have faced…. Highly recommended.’


    B.F.R. Edwards
    Choice Magazine vol 54:02:2016

    From New Nations to New Peoples offers an important update to Métis history and historiography… Ens and Sawchuck’s novel approach to the topic allows them to convincingly posit that Métis ethno-genesis is perpetual and continues to the present day via "dialogical processes".


    Émilie Pigeon
    Labour/Le Travail vol 78:2016

    ‘As a result of its diligent research and unique analytical perspective, From New Peoples to New Nations will be a valuable resource for anyone interested in historical and contemporary Métis identities.’


    Gabrielle Legault
    BC Studies winter 2016/17

    ‘For its comprehensiveness, it would make an excellent textbook for undergraduate courses… Its considerable bibliography and broad treatment of Metis history will undoubtedly make it as a general reference on Metis history and identity.’


    Camie Augustus
    Canadian Journal of History, vol 52:02:2017

    "Tracing the intricate and layered process by which new peoples become new nations within politically, economically, and symbolically charges matrices, Ens and Sawchuk have contributed a theoretically and empirically bountiful text that one hopes will generate discussions within and outside of Métis studies."


    Nicholas Barron
    History of Anthropology Newsletter, June 28, 2018

    From New Peoples to New Nations represents a thorough and comprehensive study of the multiple inventions of Metis ethnicity and nationality through history. This book brings the critical debates surrounding national historiography to Metis studies and will stimulate debate throughout anthropology and history in Canada and beyond.”
    David Dinwoodie, Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico

    “Gerhard Ens and Joe Sawchuk have produced a compelling piece of work – one that will inform and contribute to ongoing debates within Métis studies for years to come. In From New Peoples to New Nations these two eminent scholars combined years of scholarly research, analyses, and interpretations on the Métis to produce an innovative and illuminating study anchored in the belief that Métis ethnicity and identity are constructed both from outsider views and the Métis’ own self-identities in a never-ending dialogic process. This is a ‘big’ book both in the historical time span covered and geographic space encompassed and I welcome the two authors’ efforts. Few academics would have been willing to undertake such a herculean task.”


    Nicole St-Onge, Department of History, University of Ottawa
  • Author Information

    Gerhard J. Ens is a professor in the Department of History at the University of Alberta.



    Joe Sawchuk is a professor emeritus in the Department of Anthropology at Brandon University.

  • Table of contents

    Introduction   

    Part I: Hybridity and Patterns of Ethnogenesis

    Chapter One: Race and Nation: Changing Ethnological and Historical Constructions of Hybridity

    Chapter Two: Economic Ethnogenesis: The Fur Trade and Metissage in the 18th and 19th Centuries

    Part II: The Genesis and Development of the Idea of the Metis Nation to 1930

    Chapter Three: Fur Trade Wars, the Battle of Seven Oaks, and the Idea of the Metis Nation, 1811–1849

    Chapter Four: Louis Riel and the Religion of Metis Nationalism, 1869–1885

    Chapter Five: L’Union Nationale Métisse Saint-Joseph, A.H. Tremaudan, and the Reimagining of the Metis Nation, 1910–1930s

    Part III: Government Policy and Metis Status in the 19th Century

    Chapter Six: The Manitoba Act and the Creation of Metis Status

    Chapter Seven: Extinguishing Rights and Inventing Categories: Metis Scrip as Policy and Self Ascription

    Chapter Eight: Indian Treaty versus Metis Scrip: The Permeability of Status Categories and Ethnicities

    Chapter Nine: The United States/Canada Border and the Bifurcation of the Plains Metis 1870–1900

    Part IV: Economic Marginalization and the Metis Political Response 1896–1960s

    Chapter Ten: St. Paul des Metis Colony 1896–1909: Identity as Pathology

    Chapter Eleven: Political Mobilization in Alberta and the Metis Betterment Act of 1938

    Chapter Twelve: The Liberals, the CCF, and the Metis of Saskatchewan, 1935–1964

    Chapter Thirteen: Social Science and the Metis, 1950–1970

    Part V: Politics, the Courts, and the Constitution: Reformulating Metis Identities

    Chapter Fourteen: A Renewed Political Awareness, 1965–2000

    Chapter Fifteen: Reformulated Identities, 1965–2013

    Chapter Sixteen: The Metis of Ontario

    Chapter Seventeen: The Metis of the Northwest Territories

    Chapter Eighteen: Ethnic Symbolism: Re-interpreting and Recreating the Past

    Conclusion

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