Journal of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada

Edited by Gerald A. Evans

Published Biannually | E-ISSN 2371-0888

This Journal is online at:

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The Official Journal of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada (JAMMI) aims to publish scholarly articles pertaining to infectious diseases, in particular those affecting humans. It serves as a Canadian perspective covering the depth and breadth of clinical microbiology and laboratory diagnosis, clinical care and management, epidemiology and societal issues relating to human infectious diseases by publishing world-class papers to a broad international and multidisciplinary readership of researchers, clinicians, educators, and policy makers with an interest in the field. JAMMI publishes original peer-reviewed research articles and other types of articles including but not limited to: reviews of and commentary on cutting edge topics in infectious diseases, clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and management of human infectious diseases, including optimal use of antimicrobial therapies, AMMI Canada position statements and unique illustrative case reports and clinical vignettes related to the health and care of populations of interest.
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  • Editorial board


    Gerald A. Evans (Kingston)

    Associate Editors

    Medical Microbiology

    Byron M. Berenger (Calgary)

    Philippe Lagacé-Wiens (Winnipeg)

    Guidelines & Position Papers

    Donald Vinh (Montréal)

    Antimicrobial Therapy/Stewardship

    Jennifer Grant (Vancouver)

    Public Health & Epidemiology

    Jennie Johnstone (Toronto)

    Infection Prevention & Control

    Susy Hota (Toronto)

    Transplant ID/Immunocompromised Host

    Deepali Kumar (Toronto)

    Sexually transmitted Infections incl. Social Determinants of Health

    Ameeta Singh (Edmonton)

    Clinical Virology

    Curtis Cooper (Ottawa)

    Adult ID Notes

    Kevin Laupland (Kamloops)

    Louis Valiquette (Sherbrooke)

    Pediatric ID Notes

    Joan Robinson (Edmonton)

    Nicole Le saux (Ottawa)

    Case Reports & Clinical Vignettes

    Cora Constantinescu (Calgary)

    Peter Daley (St. John's)

  • Advertising

    Download JAMMI's 2018–19 Media Kit

    For advertising information, please contact:

    Advertising and Marketing Coordinator
    University of Toronto Press
    5201 Dufferin Street
    Toronto, Ontario M3H 5T8

    Tel: (416) 667–7766
    Fax: (416) 667–7881

  • Author resources

    Download PDF: EN|FR

    Instructions to Authors

    The Official Journal of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada (JAMMI) is an open access publication that is owned by, and serves as the official journal of, the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada. It will consider for publication original papers, controlled clinical trials, review articles, and case reports concerning all aspects of infectious disease. Papers on ethics and political issues affecting practice, as well as letters to the editor for discussion of contemporary issues, are also welcomed. The Journal is pleased to accept articles in both English and French. Manuscripts are received with the understanding that they are submitted solely to JAMMI and that none of the material contained in the manuscripts has been published previously or is under consideration for publication elsewhere, excluding abstracts. For their own personal use, readers are free to read, download, print, search, or link to the full texts of JAMMI. Some restrictions do apply to the reuse and sharing of the content published. For permissions information please contact the publisher at Written approval by the appropriate human and animal ethics review committee must be stated in the manuscript. Statements and opinions are the responsibility of the authors. JAMMI subscribes to the guidelines for reporting of randomized clinical trials published as the CONSORT statement (JAMA 1996;276:637–639). Authors are advised to review this document if they are preparing and submitting randomized clinical trials for consideration for publication.

    Manuscript Submission Process

    All JAMMI submissions, reviews, and editorial work is done through our online peer review management system, ScholarOne Manuscripts. At this time, we would ask that you please contribute content to the journal through ScholarOne Manuscripts.

    If you are a new contributor to the journal, please visit and select “Create An Account” to create a new account. You will be asked to fill in a brief contributor form. Be sure to click the “Finish” button to save your data. You will then be able to log in, using the username and password you created, and view the contributor homepage, which is the starting point for all functions available to you as a contributor.

    If you are a returning contributor to the journal, please visit and follow the prompts to log in.

    For technical support, please visit or contact

    Submission Fee

    Each submission must be accompanied by a nonrefundable fee of $56.50 (taxes included). Full-text articles will be available at

    Article Processing Charges

    In addition to the submission fee of $56.50, Aan article processing charge will be applied to accepted articles. The article processing charges are calculated on a per page basis (where 550 words constitutes a single page). Members of AMMI Canada will be charged $500* for the first page and $200* for every page thereafter. Non-members will be charged $750* for the first page and $300* for every page thereafter. Information on membership can be found at

    * Please note: Taxes are additional.

    Manuscript Requirements

    Manuscripts are to be saved in a single text file, saved as .doc or .docx. All manuscripts must be accompanied by a covering letter detailing what is being submitted and indicating the author to whom we should address correspondence and page proofs in the case of multiple authors (please include a contact address, telephone/fax numbers, and e-mail address). Abbreviations must be defined at first mention in the text. All measurements should be in SI units. Appropriate headings and subheadings should be provided in the methods, results, and discussion sections. References, figures, and tables should be cited in the text with numbers assigned according to the order of mention in the text. Arrange the manuscript as follows: title page, summary, structured abstract and keywords, introduction, methods, results, discussion, acknowledgements, references, figure legends, tables, and figures. Do not import figures into the text file. Number the pages consecutively, beginning with the title page as 1. The last name of the first author should be typed at the top of each page.

    Title Page

    In addition to the main title, a short running title of 45 characters or less and the authors’ names (including full, first or middle names) along with their qualifications and affiliations, should appear on the title page. Include the name of the institution from which the work originated.

    Abstract and Keywords

    On a separate page, type a structured abstract of no more than 250 words for major articles (including review articles). Abstracts for case reports need not be structured and should be a maximum of 150 words. The abstract should be substantive rather than purely descriptive. Abbreviate only standard units of measurement. At the end of the abstract, include a list of 3 to 8 keywords for indexing purposes.


    Brief acknowledgements may appear at the end of the text, before the references.


    Identify references in the text by Arabic numerals in parentheses on the line. Type the reference list double-spaced, separate from the text, with each reference numbered consecutively in the order in that it is mentioned in the text. References cited in figures and tables, but not in the text, should also be numbered following the text references. Personal communications, manuscripts in preparation, and other unpublished data should not be cited in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text in parentheses. Identify abstracts with the abbreviation ‘Abst’ and letters to the editor by ‘Lett’ in parentheses; abstracts should not be cited if they are more than 2 years old. The style of references is that of Index Medicus. Journal references should contain inclusive page numbers; book references, specific page numbers; and Web site references, the date of last update, if available, and date of access (references to other types of electronic documents should include the format of the document). Abbreviations of journals should conform to those used in Index Medicus, National Library of Medicine. 2.1, 2017. URLs should be included for all references publicly accessible via the Internet. The style and punctuation of references are as follows:


    List all authors if 6 or less; otherwise list first 3 and add ‘et al’. Do not use periods after authors’ initials.

    1. Kohl P, Day K, Noble D, et al. Cellular mechanisms of cardiac mechano-electric feedback in a mathematical model. Can J Cardiol 1998;14:111–9.


    2. Svensson LG, Crawford ES. Cardiovascular and Vascular Disease of the Aorta. Toronto: WB Saunders Company, 1997:184–5.

      Chapter in book:

    3. Trehan S, Anderson JL. Thrombolytic therapy. In: Yusuf S, Cairns JA, eds. Evidence Based Cardiology. London: BMJ Books, 1998:419–44.

      Web sites:

    4. National Library of Medicine. Images from the History of Medicine. (Accessed January 5, 1999).


    Type double-spaced, on a separate page from the rest of the text with the table number above the table and explanatory notes below. Table numbers should appear in Arabic numerals and should correspond to the order of the tables in the text. If abbreviations are used, an alphabetical listing must be included in the footnote. Written permission from the publisher to reproduce any previously published tables must be included.


    • All figures have to be submitted in their original formats. The lettering, decimals, lines and other details on the figures should be sufficiently large to withstand reduction and reproduction.

    • Images must have a resolution of 300 dpi or higher, or be at least 25 inches wide.

    • Graphs must be created using Microsoft Word (.doc/.docx), Microsoft PowerPoint (.ppt/.pptx), Microsoft Excel (.xls), or Adobe Illustrator (.ai or .eps). These should then be saved as a .pdf or .eps file.

    • Any photographs or graphics imported into your figure must also be submitted separately. Photographs and graphics should be submitted as graphic digital files saved as a high-resolution .jpeg, .tiff or .pdf file. Place crop marks on photomicrographs to show the essential field and designate special features with arrows (which must contrast with the background).

    Figure Legends

    Type double-spaced at the end of the document (following references) with figure numbers corresponding to the order in which figures are presented in the text. Identify all abbreviations appearing on figures in alphabetical order at the end of each legend. Enough information should be given to allow interpretation of the figure without reference to the text. Written permission must be obtained from the publisher to reproduce any previously published figures.

    Policy Issues

    All statements and opinions are the responsibility of the authors. With submission of the manuscript, a letter of transmittal must indicate that all authors have participated in the research, and have reviewed and agree with the content of the article.

    Conflict of Interest

    All authors must disclose any commercial associations or other arrangements (e.g., financial compensation received, patient-licensing arrangements, potential to profit, consultancy, stock ownership, etc.) that may pose a conflict of interest in connection with the article using the Conflict of Interest form that is available on ScholarOne during the submission process. This information will be made available to the editor and reviewers, and may be included as a footnote at the editor’s discretion.

    Ethics of Human and Animal Experiments

    If human subjects are involved, the text must indicate that all gave informed consent and that the protocol was approved by the institutional review committee. If experimental animals are used, provide a statement in the text to indicate that all procedures followed were in accordance with institutional policies.


    Authors should keep a copy of their original manuscripts as page proofs will be sent to them without the manuscript. In order to avoid delays in publication, authors are required to return proofs within 48 hours of receiving them by e-mail.

    Article Types

    JAMMI publishes several different types of articles, including Original Articles, Case Reports, and Clinical Vignettes. For a full description of article types and their specific requirements, please see

    Potential authors who have additional questions should contact AMMI Canada at

    Further Author Resources

    UTP offers a compilation of advice, guidelines and valuable information for authors as they are choosing where and how to submit their work for publication. Our online author resources contain information on the publication process, how/where/what to submit for publication, promotion, how to contact UTP Journals and much more. Click here to browse UTP's author resources.

    Contact Us

    JAMMI Editorial Office


    Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada

    AMMI Canada
    192 Bank Street
    Ottawa, ON
    K2P 1W8

    University of Toronto Press

    UTP Journals
    5201 Dufferin Street
    Toronto, ON M3H 5T8

    Tel: (416) 667–7777 ext. 7849
    Fax: (416) 667–7832

  • Permission information

    Content (articles, reviews, editorials, commentaries, etc.) published in the Official Journal of the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada cannot be shared, copied, or redistributed without explicit permission from the publisher.

    To request permission to reprint an article, please complete the UTP Journals Permission Request Form.

    If you require further assistance, then please contact or by phone at
    (416) 667–7777 ext: 7971.