Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy: Texts and Contexts

By Osvaldo Cavallar and Julius Kirshner

© 2020

Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy is an original collection of texts exemplifying medieval Italian jurisprudence, known as the ius commune. Translated for the first time into English, many of the texts exist only in early printed editions and manuscripts. Featuring commentaries by leading medieval civil law jurists, notably Azo Portius, Accursius, Albertus Gandinus, Bartolus of Sassoferrato, and Baldus de Ubaldis, this book covers a wide range of topics, including how to teach and study law, the production of legal texts, the ethical norms guiding practitioners, civil and criminal procedures, and family matters.

The translations, together with context-setting introductions, highlight fundamental legal concepts and practices and the milieu in which jurists operated. They offer entry points for exploring perennial subjects such as the professionalization of lawyers, the tangled relationship between law and morality, the role of gender in the socio-legal order, and the extent to which the ius commune can be considered an autonomous system of law.

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Product Details

  • Series: Toronto Studies in Medieval Law
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 866 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.0in x 9.0in
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Quick Overview

This unique collection makes available, for the first time, translations of medieval Italian jurisprudence, including commentaries, tracts, and legal opinions by leading jurists.

Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy: Texts and Contexts

By Osvaldo Cavallar and Julius Kirshner

© 2020

Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy is an original collection of texts exemplifying medieval Italian jurisprudence, known as the ius commune. Translated for the first time into English, many of the texts exist only in early printed editions and manuscripts. Featuring commentaries by leading medieval civil law jurists, notably Azo Portius, Accursius, Albertus Gandinus, Bartolus of Sassoferrato, and Baldus de Ubaldis, this book covers a wide range of topics, including how to teach and study law, the production of legal texts, the ethical norms guiding practitioners, civil and criminal procedures, and family matters.

The translations, together with context-setting introductions, highlight fundamental legal concepts and practices and the milieu in which jurists operated. They offer entry points for exploring perennial subjects such as the professionalization of lawyers, the tangled relationship between law and morality, the role of gender in the socio-legal order, and the extent to which the ius commune can be considered an autonomous system of law.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Series: Toronto Studies in Medieval Law
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 866 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.0in x 9.0in
  • Reviews

    “Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy is a fundamental contribution to the teaching of the history of law in medieval society. The translations and commentary are very accessible but their significance and originality make them also a very useful source of documentation with deeper inquiries into medieval law. A major contribution to scholarship and research, this work gives access to original and fundamental legal sources and provides an updated bibliography on each selected topic. It also promotes a method of interpretation of legal texts in their social and political contexts that should be used as a model for legal historical scholarship and teaching.”
    Laurent Mayali, Lloyd M. Robbins Professor of Law, UC Berkeley

    “No book in English has nearly the scope and depth of Jurists and Jurisprudence in Medieval Italy. Sharing a rich variety of documents extending beyond Florence to places like Perugia and Cortona, this book is a serious advance on existing research, and all the more important for the topics the authors have brought to clearer light, including the development of the medieval law system, known as the ius commune, consilia or advice of learned jurists, and the teachings of the learned law with local statutes.”
    Thomas Izbicki, Librarian Emeritus, Rutgers University
  • Author Information

    Osvaldo Cavallar is a professor of Christian Studies at Nanzan University.


    Julius Kirshner is an emeritus professor of Medieval and Renaissance History at the University of Chicago.
  • Table of contents

    Preface by Lawrin Armstrong
    Acknowledgments
    Abbreviations
    Short Titles

    Introduction

    1. Professors and Students

    1. Foundations

    1.1. The Constitution Habita of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa (1155/58)

    1.2. Accursius’s Glosses to the Constitution Habita

    1.3. Students as Citizens in the Statutes of Modena (1327)

    2. "We Give You the Licence to Teach Here and Everywhere"

    2.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium on the Studium Generale of Milan (ca. 1393- 1396)

    3. Privileges of Doctors and Students

    3.1. Simon of Borsano, Privileges of Doctors and Students (1361- 1370)

    4. How to Teach and Study Canon and Civil Law

    4.1. Franciscus de Zabarellis, How to Teach and Study Canon and Civil Law (ca. 1410)

    5. The Many Dwelling Places of Civil Wisdozm

    5.1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Oration on Conferring the Doctorate of Law

    6. Death Benefits

    6.1. Consilium of Jacobus Niccoli (1400)

    7. Hired Hands

    7.1. Azo, Hiring (1208- 1210)

    7.2. Rainerius of Perugia, Leasing out a Work to be Copied (1242)

    7.3. Salatiele, Copyists and Other Persons Obligating Themselves to Perform Services [Contract and Glosses] (1248- 1254)

    7.4. Rolandinus de Passegeriis, Hiring Another Person’s Services to Copy a Work (1273)

    8. Law Students’ Books

    8.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium [I] (ca. 1393–1396)

    8.2. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium [II] (ca. 1393–1396)

    9. "Many Books"

    9.1. Oldradus de Ponte, Whether It Is Advantageous to Have Many Books (ca. 1320s)

    10. Nobility, Usefulness, and Origin of Law

    10.1. Doctoral Oration (ca. 1450)

    2. Legal Profession

    11. Advocates

    11.1. Guilelmus Durantis, Mirror of Law (ca. 1284- 1289)

    12. Fees

    12.1. Azo, Quaestio disputata

    13. Proof of a Doctoral Degree

    13.1. Certifying a Judge’s Doctoral Degree in Florence (1374)

    14. Bella Figura: Florentine Jurists and Their Wives

    14.1. Deliberation of the Guild of Judges and Notaries of Florence (9 Sept. 1366)

    14.2. Provisions of Florence’s Sumptuary Laws, 1377 and 1388

    14.3. Stephanus de Bonacursis and Others, Consilium on the Exemption of Jurists and Their Wives from Florence’s Sumptuary Laws (1390)

    15. A Waste of Time

    15.1. Franco Sacchetti, Novella XL (ca. 1392- 1393)

    16. "From the Mouth of God"

    16.1. Eulogy of Marianus Socinus the Elder of Siena (1467)

    3. Civil and Criminal Procedure

    17. Civil Procedure

    17.1. Civil Procedure in the Statutes of Florence (1415)

    18. Consilium Sapientis

    18.1. Requesting a consilium sapientis, Statutes of Florence (1415)

    19. Witnesses

    19.1. Treatise on Witnesses (Scientiam) (ca. 1230s)

    20. False Testimony

    20.1. Franciscus de Guicciardinis, Consilium (ca. 1505- 1516)

    21. Criminal Procedure

    21.1. Albertus Gandinus, Tract on Crimes (1300)

    21.2. Judicial Inquiry of Albertus Gandinus against Cambinus Belli of Florence (1289)

    21.3. Expenses Incurred during a Trial (1298)

    4. Crime

    22. Wounds from Assault

    22.1. Tract on Wounds

    23. Self-defence

    23.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1384)

    24. Vendetta

    24.1. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1391–1393)

    25. Adultery

    25.1. Ivus de Coppolis, Consilium (ca. 1420–1441)

    26. Abortion

    26.1. Digest, Glossa, and Bartolus of Sassoferrato

    26.2. Statutes of Biella (1245)

    26.3. Statutes of Siena (1309)

    26.4. Statutes of Castiglion Aretino (1384)

    26.5. Albericus of Rosciate, Questions Concerning Statutes (1358)

    5. Personal and Civic Status

    27. Serfdom

    27.1. Martinus of Fano, Serfs (ca. 1256- 1259)

    27.2. Martinus of Fano, Notarial Forms for Drafting Contracts and Written Complaints (ca. 1232)

    28. Citizenship

    28.1. Statutes of Arezzo (1327): "Rubrics on Making New Citizens"

    29. Citizen Bartolus

    29.1. Petition to Grant Bartolus of Sassoferrato and His Brother Bonacursius Perugian Citizenship (1348)

    30. Making New Citizens

    30.1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Consilium

    31. Dual Citizenship

    31.1. An Anonymous Opinion and Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1376- 1379)

    32. Loss and Reacquisition of Citizenship

    32.1. Angelus de Ubaldis, Consilium

    33. Married Women’s Citizenship (1)

    33.1. Digest, Code, Glossa, and Bartolus of Sassoferrato

    34. Married Women’s Citizenship (2)

    34.1. Jacobus de Fermo, Consilium (ca. 1400)

    34.2. Dionisius de Barigianis, Consilium (ca. post 1411)

    35. Jews as Citizens

    35.1. Ordinance on the Privileges and Obligations of Jewish Residents of Perugia (1381)

    6. Family Matters

    36. Paternal Power (Patria Potestas)

    36.1. Institutes (1.9): "Paternal Power"

    36.2. Glosses to Institutes (1.9): "Paternal Power"

    36.3. Angelus de Gambilionibus, Commentary to § Ius autem (Inst. 1.9.2) (ca. 1441- 1449)

    36.4. Statutes of Perugia (1342): "Damnable Children Harming Their Own Parents"

    36.5. Statutes of Chianciano (1287): "Contract Made by a Son-in-Power"

    36.6. Albericus of Rosciate, Questions Concerning Statutes (1358)

    36.7. Franciscus de Guicciardinis, Consilium (ca. 1505–1516)

    37. Children Born Illegitimately

    37.1. Benedictus de Barzis, Children Born Illegitimately (1456)

    38. Contracting Marriage in Late Medieval Florence

    38.1. Betrothal Contract (Sponsalitium) (1391)

    38.2. Contracting Marriage (Anulum) (1391)

    39. Dowries

    39.1. Martinus Gosia, The Law of Dowries (ca. 1140)

    40. Vested Interests

    40.1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Commentary to Dig. 24. 3. 66. 1, In his rebus quas, § Servis uxoris

    40.2. Angelus de Ubaldis, Consilium

    40.3. Petrus de Albisis, Consilium

    41. Prohibition of Gifts between Husband and Wife

    41.1. Dig. 24. 1. 1, Moribus

    41.2. Dig. 24. 1. 2, Non cessat

    41.3. Baldus de Ubaldis, [First] Commentary to Dig. 24. 1. 1, Moribus

    41.4. Baldus de Ubaldis, [Second] Commentary to Dig. 24. 1. 1, Moribus

    41.5. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1396- 1400)

    42. Remarriage of Widows and Conflicting Claims to the Dowry

    42.1. Franciscus de Albergottis, Consilium (ca. 1362- 1364)

    42.2. Baldus de Ubaldis, Consilium (ca. 1362- 1364)

    43. Testamentary and Intestate Succession

    43.1. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Last Will (1356)

    43.2. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Consilium on Succession in stirpes or in capita

    43.3. Bartolus of Sassoferrato, Consilium on Succession by Line of Descent

    43.4. Angelus de Ubaldis, Consilium

    44. Fraternal Households

    44.1. Jacobus de Balduinis, Brothers Living Together (ca. post 1213)

    45. Support

    45.1. Martinus de Fano, Support (ca. 1265- 1272)

    Glossary

    Appendix 1. The Medieval System of Legal Citations

    Appendix 2. Selected Jurists

    Index

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