Liber Uricrisiarum: A Reading Edition
Henry Daniel’s Liber Uricrisiarum is the earliest known work of academic medicine written in Middle English, presented here for the first time in a complete edition. Working in the late 1370s, Daniel combined authoritative medicine from written sources with his own personal experience, creating a text that stands out for its linguistic originality, intellectual scope, and wide circulation. Extant in over three dozen manuscript witnesses and two early modern print copies, Liber Uricrisiarum describes medieval humoral theory, anatomy, physiology, disease, medical astronomy, reproductive processes, and more, all within the broader context of uroscopic diagnosis.
The introduction situates the text and its author in their medical, intellectual, linguistic, and bibliographic contexts, outlining the uroscopic tradition to which Daniel contributes, and describing the relationships among the many manuscripts containing the Liber Uricrisiarum. This edition presents the Middle English text, with a general glossary, glossary of proper names, and explanatory notes that explain obscure words and phrases and identify Daniel’s sources. It also includes the complete set of diagrams contained in the Royal manuscript; appendices providing the Latin and English versions of the prologue and epilogue; an extensive translation from one of Daniel’s important sources, Isaac Israeli’s De urinis; tables relevant to Daniel’s astronomical measurements; and an analysis of the Royal manuscript’s dialect. Cumulatively, the edition and apparatus introduce readers to an important yet understudied text, the details of which will have significant impact on studies of medieval medicine and science, intellectual history, and Middle English language and literature.
- World Rights
- Page Count: 532 pages
- Illustrations: 5
- Dimensions: 6.3in x 9.3in x 9.3in
"Until now the Liber Uricrisiarum and Daniel’s other writings have been addressed only piecemeal, and with conflicting information on what can be known about that learned Dominican. This edition provides a definitive introduction to Daniel and his works, addressing what can be known about the author along with an analysis of the complexities of surviving witnesses to both this text and the others attributed to Henry Daniel. As valuable as this introduction is, equally important is the fact that we now have available a careful edition of the Liber Uricrisiarum. This volume is the culmination of decades of study by the most important scholars in the field."
Linda Ehrsam Voigts, Department of English, University of Missouri-Kansas City
"Liber Uricrisiarum: A Reading Edition is exemplary. One can only be delighted to see the completion of the edition: not only has the science of medieval urine undergone renewed interest, but the importance of vernacular production in this field has also been rediscovered, thanks to recent studies on medieval science."
Laurence Moulinier Brogi, Département d’Histoire, Archéologie, Littératures des monde chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux, Université Lumière-Lyon 2
Author InformationHenry Daniel was a fourteenth-century Dominican friar skilled in the medical and natural science of his time. Various manuscripts by him, both in English and Latin, are preserved in the Bodleian Library.
E. Ruth Harvey is a professor in the Department of English at the University of Toronto.
M. Teresa Tavormina is a professor emerita in the Department of English at Michigan State University.
Sarah Star is a visiting assistant professor at Kenyon College.
Table of contents
List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Sigils of Witnesses
1. Liber Uricrisiarum in the Uroscopic Tradition
2. Henry Daniel and the Liber Uricrisiarum
3. Daniel’s Circle and Audience
4. The Manuscripts
5. A Reading Edition
6. Editorial Practice
Appendix 1: Prologue (Latin Original)
Appendix 2: Regule Isaac (Latin Original)
Appendix 3: Epilogue (English Translation)
Appendix 4: Astronomical Measurements in Bk. 2.6
Appendix 5: The Language of the Royal 17 D.i Scribe
Index of Proper Nouns
Subjects and Courses