Medieval Medicine: A Reader

Edited by Faith Wallis

© 2010

Medical knowledge and practice changed profoundly during the medieval period. In this collection of over 100 primary sources, many translated for the first time, Faith Wallis reveals the dynamic world of medicine in the Middle Ages that has been largely unavailable to students and scholars. The reader includes 21 illustrations and a glossary of medical terms.

Product Details

  • Series: Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 592 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.4in x 9.0in
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SKU# HE000373

  • PUBLISHED MAY 2010
    From: $52.00
    ISBN 9781442601031
  • PUBLISHED MAY 2010
    From: $35.95

Quick Overview

In this collection of over 100 primary sources, many translated for the first time, Faith Wallis reveals the dynamic world of medicine in the Middle Ages that has been largely unavailable to students and scholars.

Medieval Medicine: A Reader

Edited by Faith Wallis

© 2010

Medical knowledge and practice changed profoundly during the medieval period. In this collection of over 100 primary sources, many translated for the first time, Faith Wallis reveals the dynamic world of medicine in the Middle Ages that has been largely unavailable to students and scholars. The reader includes 21 illustrations and a glossary of medical terms.

Product Details

  • Series: Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 592 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.4in x 9.0in
  • Reviews

    A truly rewarding work, worth acquiring not only by scholars and teachers of medieval medicine in particular but more broadly by anyone teaching in the field of medieval European history and society. It will also make for compelling reading to anyone curious to explore the sheer range and variety of European medicine in a time of ferment, fascinating intercultural discourse, and far-reaching change.
    The Medieval Review

    The excellent final product seems to witness years of long work in the testing ground of the classroom. The result is an original and lively collection of medieval texts in modern English about and around medicine, one that also conveys effectively the social complexity and intellectual subtlety of the subject. The collection is an excellent and comprehensive overview both for students and scholars that shows vividly what medicine was for medieval actors and what it is today for historians of medieval medicine.
    Social History of Medicine

    This collection of relevant texts in the field of medieval medicine proves to be enormously helpful for those who are in need of a good anthology for a class on the history of medicine in the Middle Ages.
    Mediaevistik

    Medieval Medicine: A Reader presents a welcome collection of primary sources on the theories and practices of medicine in medieval Europe and the Mediterranean. No comprehensive collection like this has been available before. Covering aspects of the professional training and practice of medicine, the intersections with law and the development of ethical codes, the volume is particularly useful for its rich collection of materials from the early Middle Ages, which have not been well represented in studies of medieval medicine. With helpful introductions that come from long experience teaching on the subject, Faith Wallis's collection will be a boon to any teacher or student engaging for the first time with medieval European medical history.
    Monica Green, Arizona State University

    Scholarship in recent decades has greatly broadened our understanding of the ways people in the Middle Ages perceived their bodies, their illnesses, and their responses to illnesses. Access to original texts has been, until now, largely confined to specialists. Wallis performs the great service of making these writings accessible through accurate and graceful translations.
    Linda Ehrsam Voigts, University of Missouri-Kansas City

    Rich and refreshing! The material ranges from academic exposition to clinical advice, from riveting narrative to poignant correspondence, and from piety to satire. The readings are given in full, rather than excerpted. Lucid introductions cover the spectrum of the entire textbook, without ever becoming 'textbookish,' and serious analysis is leavened by sensible asides and keen wit. The readings and comments are perfectly matched in celebrating the vibrant sanitas of medieval medicine.
    Luke Demaitre, University of Virginia
  • Author Information

    Faith Wallis is Associate Professor at McGill University, jointly appointed in the Department of History and the Department of Social Studies of Medicine. She is the co-editor of Medieval Science, Technology and Medicine: An Encyclopedia (Routledge, 2005) and the author of essays and translations on medieval science and medicine.
  • Table of contents

    Acknowledgments

    Introduction

    Part I. Medicina: Healers and Healing in Early Medieval Europe (500-1100)

    Chapter One: The Fragmented Heritage of Ancient Medicine

    I. The Alexandrian Curriculum in Latin Dress

    1. Isidore of Seville: The Canon of Medicine
    2. The Old Latin Commentary on the Aphorisms of Hippocrates
    3. Teaching the Alexandrian Curriculum in Sixth-Century Italy: Agnellus of Ravenna's Commentary on Galen's On Sects
    4. An Early Medieval Summary of Medical Theory: The Wisdom of the Art of Medicine

    II. Medical Practices in a Changing World

    5. An Encyclopedia of Practical Medicine from the Age of Justinian: Alexander of Tralles
    6. Galen Enlarged for Practice: Pseudo-Galen, Liber tertius on Pneumonia and Pleurisy
    7. Echoes of Methodism: "Aurelius" on Rabies
    8. Medical Self-Help for the Gentleman Traveler: The Medicine and Natural Remedies of "Pliny"
    9. A Late Antique Estate-Holder's Manual of Home Remedies
    10. The Doctor as Connoisseur of Pulses and Urines
    11. Prognosis and Prophecy

    Chapter Two: Christianity, Disease, and Medicine

    I. Saints as Healers

    12. A Sixth-Century Byzantine Saint Dispenses Medical Advice: Theodore of Sykeon
    13. The Medical World of Gregory of Tours: Plagues, Doctors, and Saints
    14. A Reluctant Bishop-Healer: John of Beverley
    15. A Carolingian Therapeutic Passion of Saints Cosmas and Damian

    II. Rituals of Healing

    16. St Sigismund, Patron of Sufferers from Fever
    17. "Prayers to the Earth and All Herbs"

    Chapter Three: Medicine in Early Medieval Courts and Cloisters

    I. The Doctor at Court

    18. The Court Physician in Ostrogothic Italy
    19. Dietary Advice for a Merovingian King
    20. Alcuin on the Doctors at Charlemagne's Court

    II. Monastic Medicine in the Early Medieval West

    21. The Care of the Sick at the Monastery of Vivarium
    22. Medical Injunctions in the Rule of St Benedict
    23. A Monastic Defense of Medicine against Rigorist Critics: The Lorsch Leechbook
    24. The Plan of St Gall: Medical Facilities within an Ideal Monastery
    25. Medicine, Morality, and Meditation in a Monastic Herb-Garden: Walahfrid Strabo's The Little Garden

    III. The Medical Networks of Missionaries and Bishops

    26. The Medical Networks of Eighth-Century Anglo-Saxon Missionaries
    27. Bishop Pardulus of Laon Dispenses Medical Advice
    28. Elias of Jerusalem Sends a Prescription to King Alfred of Wessex
    29. Letters of Medical Advice from Bishop Fulbert of Chartres and His Circle

    Chapter Four: A Regional Case Study: Medicine in Anglo-Saxon England

    30. Bald's Leechbook and Leechbook III

    Part II. Physica: The Advent and Impact of Academic Medicine (1100-1500)

    Chapter Five: Salerno: Medicine's "Theoretical Turn" and the Rationalization of Practice

    31. Tenth-Century Medicine: The Testimony of Richer of Rheims
    32. Constantine the African: The Romance of Translating Arabic Medicine
    33. Medical Theory and the Formation of the Articella (1): The Isagoge of Joannitius
    34. Medical Theory and the Formation of the Articella (2): Bartholomaeus of Salerno Comments on the Isagoge
    35. Salernitan Anatomy: The Second Salernitan Demonstration
    36. The Practice of Pharmacy Rationalized
    37. The Practice of Therapeutics Rationalized: The Practice of Medicine by Bartholomaeus of Salerno
    38. The Practice of Surgery Rationalized: The Surgery of Roger Frugard
    39. The Salernitan Tradition of Gynecology: The Trotula

    Chapter Six: Via scolaris: Medicine in the University

    I. Faculties and Curricula

    40. From Philosophy to Physic: Paris from the Late Twelfth Century to the Late Thirteenth Century
    41. Montpellier and the "New Galen"
    42. The "University of Arts and Medicine" at Bologna

    II. Medical Scholasticism in Action: Authoritative Texts and Academic Commentaries

    43. Is Medicine a Science? (1) Avicenna and His Commentator Gentile of Foligno
    44. Is Medicine a Science? (2) Arnau of Vilanova Argues that Medicine Transcends Theory
    45. Is Medicine a Science? (3) Henri of Mondeville on Progress in Medicine
    46. The Scholastic Quaestio: Aristotle vs. Galen on the Generation of the Embryo
    47. Academic Dissection as "Material Commentary" (1): Mondino de'Liuzzi
    48. Academic Dissection as "Material Commentary" (2): Anatomical Illustration
    49. Scholastic Medicine Popularized: Bartholomaeus Anglicus on Diseases of the Head and of the Mind

    Chapter Seven: Theory and Practice in Scholastic Medicine

    50. Signs and Diagnosis (1): Gilles of Corbeil on Urines
    51. Signs and Diagnosis (2): Epitome on Pulses
    52. Causes: The Case of Epilepsy
    53. Scholastic Therapeutics (1): Rhazes, Book for Almansor
    54. Scholastic Therapeutics (2) John of Gaddesden on Smallpox
    55. Scholastic Pharmacology: Bernard of Gordon
    56. A Primer on Bloodletting (1): Lanfranc of Milan's Scholastic Phlebotomy
    57. A Primer on Bloodletting (2): The "Sign Man": An Astrological Guide to Phlebotomy
    58. Is Surgery a Science? (1): Lanfranc of Milan Defends the Intellectual Dignity of Surgery
    59. Is Surgery a Science? (2): Henri of Mondeville Defends the Scientific Credentials of Surgery
    60. Is Surgery a Science? (3): Guy of Chauliac's History of Surgery
    61. A Surgical Sampler (1): Guy of Chauliac on the Treatment of Wounds
    62. A Surgical Sampler (2): Teodorico Borgognoni and the New Surgical Diseases
    63. A Surgical Sampler (3): Ophthalmic Surgery
    64. A Surgical Sampler (4): Surgical Anesthesia?

    Chapter Eight: Contested Frontiers of Scholastic Medicine: Medical Astrology and Medical Alchemy

    65. Panacea or Problem? (1): The Case for Medical Astrology
    66. Panacea or Problem? (2): Jacques Despars's Reservations about Medical Astrology
    67. Roger Bacon: Alchemy and the Medical Payoff of "Experimental Science"
    68. Bisticius: A Florentine Goldsmith and Medical Alchemist

    Part III. Medicine and Society (1100-1500)

    Chapter Nine: What is Disease? What is Illness? Doctors' Dilemmas and the Meaning of Suffering

    69. Interpreting Symptoms: The Difficult Case of Leprosy
    70. Metaphor and Malignancy: The Difficult Case of Cancer (1): Jean of Tournemire Diagnoses His Daughter's Breast Cancer and Receives Divine Medical Aid
    71. Metaphor and Malignancy: The Difficult Case of Cancer (2): Guillaume Boucher Treats a Parisian Lady with Breast Cancer
    72. The Enigma of Mental Illness
    73. Prophecy and Healing: The Meaning of Illness According to Hildegard of Bingen

    Chapter Ten: Who Can Help? Physicians, "Empirics," and the Spectrum of Practitioners

    74. Should Clergy and Monks Practice Medicine?
    75. The Faculty of Medicine of Paris vs. Jacopa Felicie
    76. The Faculty of Medicine of Paris vs. Jean Domremi
    77. Jewish Doctors: The Case of Provence

    Chapter Eleven: What Can They Do? Clinical Encounters in Medieval Europe

    78. The Doctor at the Bedside (1): Precept According to Archimatthaeus
    79. The Doctor at the Bedside (2): Precept According to Arnau of Vilanova
    80. The Doctor at the Bedside (3): Practice Illustrated by Guillaume Boucher
    81. Tried and True: Medical Experimenta ("Proven Remedies") by Arnau of Vilanova
    82. Customized Therapeutics: The Medieval Medical Consilium (1)
    83. Customized Therapeutics: The Medieval Medical Consilium (2): Gentile of Foligno
    84. The Special Challenges of Plague (1): The Report of the Paris Medical Faculty, October 1348
    85. The Special Challenges of Plague (2): Guy of Chauliac on the Black Death
    86. The Special Challenges of Plague (3): John of Burgundy's Treatise on the Epidemic

    Chapter Twelve: The Ethics of Medical Care (1): Conscience and the Law

    87. Professional Character in the Early Middle Ages: Variations on Hippocratic Themes
    88. Ethics of Care in the Early Middle Ages: Christian Reflections
    89. Professional Conduct in the Later Middle Ages: From Character to Code
    90. Licensing and Accountability (1): Malpractice in Crusader Palestine
    91. Licensing and Accountability (2): Legislation Governing Doctors in the Thirteenth-Century Kingdom of Sicily
    92. Licensing and Accountability (3): Examining and Supervising Practitioners in Fourteenth-Century Valencia
    93. John Arderne's Advice on How to Determine the Fee, and Other Matters of Medical Etiquette

    Chapter Thirteen: The Ethics of Medical Care (2): Hospitals and the Provision of Charity

    94. The Organization and Ethos of a Medieval Hospital (1): The Jerusalem Hospital
    95. The Organization and Ethos of a Medieval Hospital (2): The Hôtel-Dieu in Paris
    96. The Organization and Ethos of a Medieval Hospital (3): A Twelfth-Century English Leper Hospital
    97. Medical Care in a Medieval Hospital (1): The Jerusalem Hospital
    98. Medical Care in a Medieval Hospital (2): John of Mirfield at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London

    Chapter Fourteen: The Cultivation of Health: Lifestyle, Regimen, and the Medical Self

    99. Lifestyle Advice for All (1): The Salerno Regimen of Health
    100. Lifestyle Advice for All (2): Aldobrandino of Siena on Health throughout the Life Cycle
    101. Lifestyle Advice, Customized (1): The Army on Campaign
    102. Lifestyle Advice, Customized (2): A Physician of Valencia Advises His Sons, Who Are Studying in Toulouse
    103. Medicalizing the Table and the Home: The Tacuinum sanitatis
    104. Medicalizing Sex: Constantine the African

    Chapter Fifteen: Satires and Critiques of Medicine

    105. Dr Galen and Burnel the Ass
    106. Petrarch Lashes Out against the Doctors
    107. The Doctor as Comic Relief in the Croxton Play of the Sacrament

    Glossary

    Index of Topics

    Sources

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