Oneida is an endangered Iroquoian language spoken fluently by fewer than 250 people. This is the first comprehensive dictionary of the Oneida language as used in Ontario, where most of the surviving speakers reside.
The dictionary contains both Oneida-English and English-Oneida sections. The Oneida-English portion includes some 6000 entries, presenting lexical bases, particles, and grammatical morphemes. Each entry for a base shows several forms; illustrates inflection, meaning, and use; and gives details regarding pronunciation and cultural significance. The English-Oneida entries direct the reader to the relevant base in the Oneida-English section, where technical information is provided. Completing the volume is a set of appendices that organizes Oneida words into thematic categories.
The Iroquoian languages have an unusually complex word structure, in which lexical bases are surrounded by layers of prefixes and suffixes. This dictionary presents and explains that structure in the clearest possible terms. A work of enormous precision and care, it incorporates many innovative ideas and shows a deep understanding of the nature of the Oneida language.
- World Rights
- Page Count: 1400 pages
- Dimensions: 7.1in x 2.9in x 10.3in
"The format of the entries and the amount of information provided is impressive indeed. The system of cross-references connects entries to one another in a web of lexical relationships that brilliantly displays the nature of the Oneida lexicon – these entries are treasure-troves!"
Hanni Woodbury, author of A Reference Grammar of the Onondaga Language
Author InformationKarin Michelson is an Associate Professor of Linguistics, Department of Linguistics, State University of New York.
Mercy Doxtator (1936–2005) taught the Oneida language for almost twenty-five years at the Oneida Nation of the Thames, where she was the founder and director of the Oneida Language and Cultural Center.
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