Shakespeare in the World of Communism and Socialism

By Irena Makaryk and Joseph G. Price

© 2006

The works of William Shakespeare have long been embraced by communist and socialist governments. One of the central cultural debates of the Soviet period concerned repertoire, including the usefulness and function of pre-revolutionary drama for the New Man and the New Society. Shakespeare survived the byzantine twists and turns of Soviet cultural politics by becoming established early as the Great Realist whose works should be studied, translated, and emulated. This view of Shakespeare as a humanist and realist was transferred to a host of other countries including East Germany, Hungary, Poland, China, and Cuba after the Second World War.

Shakespeare in the Worlds of Communism and Socialism traces the reception of Shakespeare from 1917 to 2002 and addresses the relationship of Shakespeare to Marxist and communist ideology. Irena R. Makaryk and Joseph G. Price have brought together an internationally-renowned group of theatre historians, practitioners, and scholars to examine the extraordinary conjunction of Shakespeare and ideology during a fascinating period of twentieth-century history. Roughly historical in their arrangement, the essays in this collection suggest the complicated and convoluted trajectory of Shakespeare's reputation. The general theme that emerges from this study is the deeply ambivalent nature of communist Shakespeare who, like Feste's 'chev'ril glove,' often simultaneously served and subverted the official ideology.

Contributors:
Alexey Bartoshevitch
Laura Raidonis Bates
Maria Clara Versiani Galery
Lawrence Guntner
Werner Habicht
Maik Hamburger
Martin Hilský
Krystyna Kujawinska-Courtney
Irena R. Makaryk
Zoltán Márkus
Sharon O'Dair
Arkady Ostrovsky
Joseph G. Price
Laurence Senelick
Shu-hua Wang
Robert Weimann
Xiao Yang Zhang

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Product Details

  • Division: Scholarly Publishing
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 418 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 0.0in x 9.0in
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  • PUBLISHED JUN 2013

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    Regular Price: $42.95

    ISBN 9781442626034
  • PUBLISHED DEC 2013

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    Regular Price: $42.95

Quick Overview

The general theme that emerges from this study is the deeply ambivalent nature of communist Shakespeare who, like Feste's 'chev'ril glove,' often simultaneously served and subverted the official ideology.

Shakespeare in the World of Communism and Socialism

By Irena Makaryk and Joseph G. Price

© 2006

The works of William Shakespeare have long been embraced by communist and socialist governments. One of the central cultural debates of the Soviet period concerned repertoire, including the usefulness and function of pre-revolutionary drama for the New Man and the New Society. Shakespeare survived the byzantine twists and turns of Soviet cultural politics by becoming established early as the Great Realist whose works should be studied, translated, and emulated. This view of Shakespeare as a humanist and realist was transferred to a host of other countries including East Germany, Hungary, Poland, China, and Cuba after the Second World War.

Shakespeare in the Worlds of Communism and Socialism traces the reception of Shakespeare from 1917 to 2002 and addresses the relationship of Shakespeare to Marxist and communist ideology. Irena R. Makaryk and Joseph G. Price have brought together an internationally-renowned group of theatre historians, practitioners, and scholars to examine the extraordinary conjunction of Shakespeare and ideology during a fascinating period of twentieth-century history. Roughly historical in their arrangement, the essays in this collection suggest the complicated and convoluted trajectory of Shakespeare's reputation. The general theme that emerges from this study is the deeply ambivalent nature of communist Shakespeare who, like Feste's 'chev'ril glove,' often simultaneously served and subverted the official ideology.

Contributors:
Alexey Bartoshevitch
Laura Raidonis Bates
Maria Clara Versiani Galery
Lawrence Guntner
Werner Habicht
Maik Hamburger
Martin Hilský
Krystyna Kujawinska-Courtney
Irena R. Makaryk
Zoltán Márkus
Sharon O'Dair
Arkady Ostrovsky
Joseph G. Price
Laurence Senelick
Shu-hua Wang
Robert Weimann
Xiao Yang Zhang

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Division: Scholarly Publishing
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 418 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 0.0in x 9.0in
  • Author Information

    Irena R. Makaryk is a professor in the Department of English at the University of Ottawa.



    Joseph G. Price is a professor emeritus in the Department of English at Pennsylvania State University.
  • Table of contents

    List of Illustrations

    Acknowledgments

    A Note on Slavic Transliteration

    Introduction: When Worlds Collide: Shakespeare and Communisms
    IRENA R. MAKARYK and JOSEPH G. PRICE

    PART ONE: SHAKESPEARE IN FLUX: 1917 TO THE 1930s

    Performance and Ideology: Shakespeare in 1920s Ukraine
    IRENA R. MAKARYK

    Shakespeare and the Working Man: Communist Applications during Nationalist Periods in Latvia
    LAURA RAIDONIS BATES

    Shakespeare as a Founding Father of Socialist Realism: The Soviet Affair with Shakespeare
    ARKADY OSTROVSKY

    A Five-Year Plan for The Taming of the Shrew
    lAURENCE SENELICK

    The Forest of Arden in Stalin’s Russia: Shakespeare’s Comedies in the Soviet Theatre of the Thirties
    ALEXEY BARTOSHEVITCH

    PART TWO: WORLD WAR, COLD WAR, AND THE GREAT DIVIDE

    Wartime Hamlet
    IRENA R. MAKARYK

    ‘Thus conscience doth make cowards of us all’: New Documentation on the Okhlopkov Hamlet
    LAURENCE SENELICK

    Shakespeare and the Berlin Wall
    WERNER HABICHT

    In Search of a Socialist Shakespeare: Hamlet on East German Stages
    LAWRENCE GUNTNER

    Shakespeare the Politicizer: Two Notable Stagings in East Germany
    MAIK HAMBURGER

    PART THREE: NATIONAL AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY

    Translations of Politics / Politics of Translation: Czech Experience
    MARTIN HILSKÝ

    Krystyna Skuszanka’s Shakespeare of Political Allusions and Metaphors in Communist Poland
    KRYSTYNA KUJAWINB SKA COURTNEY

    War, Lechery, and Goulash Communism: Troilus and Cressida in Socialist Hungary
    ZOLTÁN MÁRKUS

    The Chinese Vision of Shakespeare (from 1950 to 1990): Marxism and Socialism
    XIAO YANG ZHANG

    From Maoism to (Post) Modernism: Hamlet in Communist China
    SHUHUA WANG

    PART FOUR: THEORIZING MARXIST SHAKESPEARES

    Caliban/Cannibal/Carnival: Cuban Articulations of Shakespeare’s The Tempest
    MARIA CLARA VERSIANI GALERY

    Ideology and Performance in East German Versions of Shakespeare
    ROBERT WEIMANN

    Marx Manqué: A Brief History of Marxist Shakespeare Criticism in North America, ca. 1980–ca. 2000 349
    SHARON O’DAIR

    Contributors

    Index

    Index of Shakespearean Plays

By the Same Author(s)