The Jesuits II: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, 1540-1773

Edited by John W. O’Malley, S.J., Gauvin Alexander Bailey, Steven J. Harris, and T. Frank Kennedy, S.J.

© 2005

Recent years have seen scholars in a wide range of disciplines re-evaluate the history of the Society of Jesus. In 1997, a group of scholars convened a major international conference to discuss the world of the Jesuits between 1540 and 1773 (the year of its suppression by papal edict). This meeting led to the creation of the first volume in this series, The Jesuits, which examined the worldwide Jesuit undertaking in such fields as music, art, architecture, devotional writing, mathematics, physics, astronomy, natural history, public performance, and education, with special attention to the Jesuits' interaction with non-European cultures.

This second volume, following a second conference in 2002, continues in a similar path as its predecessor, complementing the regional coverage with contributions on the Flemish and Iberian provinces, on the missions in Japan, and in post-Suppression Russia and the United States. The performing arts, like theatre and music, are broadly treated, and, in addition to continued attention to painting and architecture, the volume contains essays on a range of objets d'art, including statuary, reliquaries, and alter pieces - as well as on gardens, mechanical clocks, and related automata. Other themes include finances, natural theology, censorship within the Jesuit order, and the Society's relationship to women.

Perhaps most important, the volume gives particular attention to the eighteenth century, the 'age of disasters' for the Jesuits - the negative papal ruling on Chinese Rites, the destruction the of Paraguay Reductions, and the suppressions of the order that began in Portugal and that culminated in the general Suppression of 1773. With contributions from distinguished scholars from a dozen different countries, The Jesuits, II continues in the illustrious tradition of its predecessor to make an important contribution to religious memory.

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  • Page Count: 800 pages
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With contributions from distinguished scholars from a dozen different countries, The Jesuits, II continues in the illustrious tradition of its predecessor to make an important contribution to religious memory.

The Jesuits II: Cultures, Sciences, and the Arts, 1540-1773

Edited by John W. O’Malley, S.J., Gauvin Alexander Bailey, Steven J. Harris, and T. Frank Kennedy, S.J.

© 2005

Recent years have seen scholars in a wide range of disciplines re-evaluate the history of the Society of Jesus. In 1997, a group of scholars convened a major international conference to discuss the world of the Jesuits between 1540 and 1773 (the year of its suppression by papal edict). This meeting led to the creation of the first volume in this series, The Jesuits, which examined the worldwide Jesuit undertaking in such fields as music, art, architecture, devotional writing, mathematics, physics, astronomy, natural history, public performance, and education, with special attention to the Jesuits' interaction with non-European cultures.

This second volume, following a second conference in 2002, continues in a similar path as its predecessor, complementing the regional coverage with contributions on the Flemish and Iberian provinces, on the missions in Japan, and in post-Suppression Russia and the United States. The performing arts, like theatre and music, are broadly treated, and, in addition to continued attention to painting and architecture, the volume contains essays on a range of objets d'art, including statuary, reliquaries, and alter pieces - as well as on gardens, mechanical clocks, and related automata. Other themes include finances, natural theology, censorship within the Jesuit order, and the Society's relationship to women.

Perhaps most important, the volume gives particular attention to the eighteenth century, the 'age of disasters' for the Jesuits - the negative papal ruling on Chinese Rites, the destruction the of Paraguay Reductions, and the suppressions of the order that began in Portugal and that culminated in the general Suppression of 1773. With contributions from distinguished scholars from a dozen different countries, The Jesuits, II continues in the illustrious tradition of its predecessor to make an important contribution to religious memory.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Division: Scholarly Publishing
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 800 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.0in x 0.0in x 9.0in
  • Reviews

    ‘A triumphalist volume – and a triumphant one.’


    Alison Shell
    Times Literary Supplement

    ‘An important addition to the historiography of the Society of Jesus and the early modern world … Should be ignored only at a scholar’s risk.’


    Michael W. Maher, S.J.
    Catholic Historical Review

    ‘The scope of the contributions is breathtaking.’


    Thomas M. McCoog, S.J.
    Journal of Ecclesiastical History

    ‘Combines cutting-edge scholarship with traditional concerns … An excellent collection.’


    Kathleen M. Comerford
    Sixteenth Century Journal
  • Author Information

    John W. O'Malley, S.J., is professor in the Department of Church History at the Weston Jesuit School of Theology.



    Gauvin Alexander Bailey is an associate Professor in the Department of Visual and Performing Arts at Clark University.



    Steven J. Harris is a professor at the Jesuit Institute, Boston College.



    T. Frank Kennedy, S.J. is a professor in and chair of the Department of Music at Boston College.

  • Table of contents

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    CONTRIBUTORS

    PREFACE

    ABBREVIATIONS

    INTRODUCTION JOHN W. O’MALLEY, S . J.

    PART ONE

    The Society in Society

    1 / Every Tub on Its Own Bottom: Funding a Jesuit College in Early Modern Europe
    OLWEN HUFTON

    2 / The Jesuits and the Art of Translation in Early Modern Europe
    PETER BURKE

    3 / Join the Jesuits, See the World: Early Modern Women in Spain and the Society of Jesus
    ELIZABETH RHODES

    4 / Between History and Myth: The Monita secreta Societatis Jesu
    SABINA PAVONE

    5 / Revolutionary Pedagogues? How Jesuits Used Education to Change Society
    JUDI LOACH

    6 / The Jesuit Garden
    PETER DAVIDSON

    PART TWO

    The Visual Arts and the Arts of Persuasion

    7 / Jesuit Uses of Art in the Province of Flanders
    JEFFREY MULLER

    8 / Meditation, Ministry, and Visual Rhetoric in Peter Paul Rubens’s Program for the Jesuit Church in Antwerp
    ANNA C. KNAP

    9 / Art in the Service of God: The Impact of the Society of Jesus on the Decorative Arts in Portugal
    NUNO VASSALLO E SILVA

    10 / Cultural Convergence at the Ends of the Earth: The Unique Art and Architecture of the Jesuit Missions to the Chiloé Archipelago (1608–1767)
    GAUVIN ALEXANDER BAILEY

    11 / The Rural Churches of the Jesuit Haciendas on the Southern Peruvian Coast
    HUMBERTO RODRÍGUEZ-CAMILLONI

    12 / Suzhou Prints and Western Perspective: The Painting Techniques of Jesuit Artists at the Qing Court, and Dissemination of the Contemporary Court Style of Painting to Mid-Eighteenth-Century Chinese Society through Woodblock Prints
    HIROMITSU KOBAYASHI

    PART THREE

    Scientific Knowledge, the Order of Nature, and Natural Theology

    13 / Picturing Jesuit Anti-Copernican Consensus: Astronomy and Biblical Exegesis in the Engraved Title-Page of Clavius’s Opera mathematica (1612)
    VOLKER R. REMMERT

    14 / Jesuit Influences on Galileo’s Science
    WILLIAM A. WALLACE, O.P.

    15 / Utility, Edification, and Superstition: Jesuit Censorship and Athanasius Kircher’s Oedipus Aegyptiacus
    DANIEL STOLZENBERG

    16 / Teaching Mathematics in Jesuit Schools: Programs, Course Content, and Classroom Practices
    ANTONELLA ROMANO

    17 / Entering Dangerous Ground: Jesuits Teaching Astrology and Chiromancy in Lisbon
    HENRIQUE LEITÃO

    18 / Science and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century Spain: The Contribution of the Jesuits before and after the Expulsion
    VÍCTOR NAVARRO BROTÓNS

    19 / The Reception of a Theory: A Provisional Syllabus of Boscovich Literature, 1746–1800
    UGO BALDINI

    PART FOUR

    Music, Theatre, and the Uses of Performance

    20 / ‘A Certain Indulgence’: Music at the Jesuit College in Paris, 1575–1590
    DAVID CROOK

    21 / Between Stage and Divine Service: Jesuits and Theatrical Music
    FRANZ KÖRNDLE

    22 / Sung Catechism and College Opera: Two Musical Genres in the Jesuit Evangelization of Colonial Chile
    VÍCTOR RONDÓN

    23 / The Orator’s Performance: Gesture, Word, and Image in Theatre at the Collegio Romano
    BRUNA FILIPPI

    24 / The Jesuit Stage and Theatre in Milan during the Eighteenth Century
    GIOVANNA ZANLONGHI

    25 / ‘Lascivi Spettacoli’: Jesuits and Theatre (from the Underside)
    MICHAEL ZAMPELLI, S.J.

    PART FIVE

    The Overseas Missions: Challenges and Strategies

    26 / Grammar and Virtue: The Formulation of a Cultural and Missionary Program by the Jesuits in Early Colonial Peru
    SABINE MACCORMACK

    27 / The Problematic Acquisition of Indigenous Languages: Practices and Contentions in Missionary Specialization in the Jesuit Province of Peru (1568–1640)
    ALIOCHA MALDAVSKY

    28 / The Uses of Shamanism: Evangelizing Strategies and Missionary Models in Seventeenth-Century Brazil
    CHARLOTTE DE CASTELNAU-L’ESTOILE

    29 / Jesuits, Too: Jesuits, Women Catechists, and Jezebels in Christian-Century Japan
    HARUKO NAWATA WARD

    30 / Clockwork and the Jesuit Mission in China
    CATHERINE PAGANI

    PART SIX

    Expulsions, Suppressions, and the Surviving Remnant

    31 / Between the Rigorist Hammer and the Deist Anvil: The Fate of the Jesuits in Eighteenth-Century France
    MARC FUMAROLE

    32 / The Expulsion of the Jesuits and the Treatment of Catholic Representational Objects during the French Revolution
    RICHARD CLAY

    33 / The Gang of Four and the Campaign against the Jesuits in Eighteenth-Century Brazil
    DAURIL ALDEN

    34 / Twilight in the Imperial City: The Jesuit Mission in China, 1748–60 725
    RONNIE PO-CHIA HSIA

    35 / Boscovich in the Balkans: A Jesuit Perspective on Orthodox Christianity in the Age of Enlightenment
    LARRY WOLFF

    36 / A Jesuit Beata at the Time of the Suppression in the Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata: María Antonia de Paz y Figueroa, 1730–1799
    ALICIA FRASCHINA

    37 / The Post-Suppression Society of Jesus in the United States and Russia: Two Unlikely Settings
    DANIEL L. SCHLAFLY, JR

    APPENDIX

    Jesuit Opera in Seventeenth-Century Vienna: Patientis Christi memoria by Johann Bernhard Staudt (1654–1712)
    T. FRANK KENNEDY, S.J.

    Patientis Christi memoria: Text

    INDEX

By the Same Author(s)