The Politics of CANDU Exports

By Duane Bratt

© 2006

In The Politics of CANDU Exports, Duane Bratt provides a comprehensive history of the export of the Canada Deuterium-Uranium (CANDU) reactor - a pressurized heavy water natural-uranium power reactor designed and marketed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. Bratt examines every CANDU sale, as well as some important unsuccessful sales attempts, from 1956 to the present. He also outlines the impact that changes in the international political climate such as the creation and strengthening of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, and the increasing importance of human rights and environmental protection, have had on CANDU exports over the last fifty years.

Bratt's study attempts to develop a framework for understanding the ebb and flow of the influences of different foreign policy objectives on Canada's decision-making process. There are litanies of economic and political interests that Canadian governments have hoped to serve by exporting CANDUs, interests such as economic gain, containing communism, and assisting the developing world. Yet, Canada has additional foreign policy objectives such as national security, the protection of human rights, and preservation of the environment, which constrain the desire to export CANDUs. Furthermore, the nature of the debate surrounding CANDU exports has changed over time. Bratt shows that while the traditional debate over CANDU exports was between Canada's commercial interests and its security concerns, since the early 1990s a new debate focused on two separate planes of argument has emerged. The economic benefits of exporting the CANDU reactors are now weighed against the economic cost of extensive government subsidies; while the environmental benefits of CANDU exports are measured against the environmental costs of building and promoting nuclear power.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Series: IPAC Series in Public Management and Governance
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 336 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.2in x 1.1in x 9.3in
Product Formats

SaveUP TO 9239

Book Formats

SKU# SP002288

  • PUBLISHED SEP 2006

    From: $62.25

    Regular Price: $83.00

    ISBN 9780802090911
  • PUBLISHED AUG 2006

    From: $72.00

    Regular Price: $96.00

Quick Overview

The economic benefits of exporting the CANDU reactors are now weighed against the economic cost of extensive government subsidies; while the environmental benefits of CANDU exports are measured against the environmental costs of building and promoting nuclear power.

The Politics of CANDU Exports

By Duane Bratt

© 2006

In The Politics of CANDU Exports, Duane Bratt provides a comprehensive history of the export of the Canada Deuterium-Uranium (CANDU) reactor - a pressurized heavy water natural-uranium power reactor designed and marketed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. Bratt examines every CANDU sale, as well as some important unsuccessful sales attempts, from 1956 to the present. He also outlines the impact that changes in the international political climate such as the creation and strengthening of the international nuclear non-proliferation regime, and the increasing importance of human rights and environmental protection, have had on CANDU exports over the last fifty years.

Bratt's study attempts to develop a framework for understanding the ebb and flow of the influences of different foreign policy objectives on Canada's decision-making process. There are litanies of economic and political interests that Canadian governments have hoped to serve by exporting CANDUs, interests such as economic gain, containing communism, and assisting the developing world. Yet, Canada has additional foreign policy objectives such as national security, the protection of human rights, and preservation of the environment, which constrain the desire to export CANDUs. Furthermore, the nature of the debate surrounding CANDU exports has changed over time. Bratt shows that while the traditional debate over CANDU exports was between Canada's commercial interests and its security concerns, since the early 1990s a new debate focused on two separate planes of argument has emerged. The economic benefits of exporting the CANDU reactors are now weighed against the economic cost of extensive government subsidies; while the environmental benefits of CANDU exports are measured against the environmental costs of building and promoting nuclear power.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Series: IPAC Series in Public Management and Governance
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 336 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.2in x 1.1in x 9.3in
  • Author Information

    Duane Bratt teaches political science in the Department of Policy Studies at Mount Royal College.

  • Table of contents

    List of Tables and Figures

    Acknowledgments

    List of Acronym

    1. Introduction
      1. Origins of Canada’s Nuclear Program
      2. Organization of This Book
    2. Justifying CANDU Exports
      1. Economics
      2. Politics
    3. Constraints on CANDU Exports
      1. Nuclear Proliferation
      2. Human Rights
      3. Nuclear Safety and Environmental Values
      4. Government Subsidies
      5. The Anti-Nuclear Lobby
    4. The Need to Establish Markets, 1945–1974
      1. India: CIRUS, 1956
      2. India: RAPP I, 1963
      3. Pakistan: KANUPP, 1965
      4. India: RAPP II, 1966
      5. Taiwan: TRR, 1969
      6. Argentina: Embalse, 1973
      7. South Korea: Wolsung I, 1973
    5. Strengthening Safeguards, 1974–1976
      1. Changes to Canada’s Non-Proliferation Policy
      2. India: Suspension of Nuclear Assistance
      3. South Korea’s Safeguards Agreement
      4. Argentina’s Safeguards Agreements
      5. India: Termination of Nuclear Cooperation
      6. Pakistan: Termination of Nuclear Cooperation
    6. Suffering the Consequences, 1977–1989
      1. Romania: Cernavoda I, 1978
      2. Argentina: Atucha II, 1979
      3. Export Failures in the 1980s
    7. Nuclear Renaissance, 1990–1996
      1. South Korea: Wolsung II to IV, 1990–2
      2. Romania: Increasing Nuclear Cooperation, 1991
      3. China: Qinshan I and II, 1996
    8. New Challenges and New Opportunities, 1997–2005
      1. Nuclear Non-Proliferation
      2. Human Rights
      3. Nuclear Safety and Environmental Protection
      4. Government Subsidies
      5. Economics
    9. Explaining CANDU Exports
      1. Clashing Nuclear Actors

    Appendix: Basics of Nuclear Energy

    Notes

    Bibliography

    Index

Related Titles