The Twelfth-Century Renaissance: A Reader

Edited by Alex J. Novikoff

© 2016

The twelfth century was a time of new ideas and creative innovation spurred on by patron-monarchs like King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, poets like Marie de France and Chrétien de Troyes, lovers and intellectuals like Abelard and Heloise, and religious thinkers like Bernard of Clairvaux and Hildegard of Bingen.

In his thoughtful introduction, Novikoff explores the term "twelfth-century renaissance" and whether or not it should be applied to a range of thinkers with differing outlooks and attitudes. With reference to this ongoing historiographical debate, Novikoff embraces the harmony of disharmonies and allows the authors of the twelfth century to define the period for themselves. He situates classic works against a broad backdrop of other sources, many appearing in translation for the first time, in order to highlight the period's diverse currents of thought. Sixteen black-and-white images are included.

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Product Details

  • Division: Higher Education
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 480 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.3in x 1.3in x 9.3in
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  • PUBLISHED DEC 2016
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Quick Overview

In his thoughtful introduction, Novikoff explores the term "twelfth-century renaissance" and whether or not it should be applied to a range of thinkers with differing outlooks and attitudes.

The Twelfth-Century Renaissance: A Reader

Edited by Alex J. Novikoff

© 2016

The twelfth century was a time of new ideas and creative innovation spurred on by patron-monarchs like King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine, poets like Marie de France and Chrétien de Troyes, lovers and intellectuals like Abelard and Heloise, and religious thinkers like Bernard of Clairvaux and Hildegard of Bingen.

In his thoughtful introduction, Novikoff explores the term "twelfth-century renaissance" and whether or not it should be applied to a range of thinkers with differing outlooks and attitudes. With reference to this ongoing historiographical debate, Novikoff embraces the harmony of disharmonies and allows the authors of the twelfth century to define the period for themselves. He situates classic works against a broad backdrop of other sources, many appearing in translation for the first time, in order to highlight the period's diverse currents of thought. Sixteen black-and-white images are included.

Continue Reading Read Less

Product Details

  • Division: Higher Education
  • World Rights
  • Page Count: 480 pages
  • Dimensions: 6.3in x 1.3in x 9.3in
  • Reviews

    This is easily the most comprehensive, diverse, and interesting array of sources we have ever had on twelfth-century renaissance and reform. Useful and provocative, it will be a joy for teaching.
    John Van Engen, University of Notre Dame

    Theology and philosophy, law and order, literature and art, science and polemics are brought together in this comprehensive introduction to the wonderfully varied yet paradoxically harmonious world of the twelfth century. Insightfully selected and presented, the primary sources are a 'discordant harmony' of witnesses, texts, and personalities. In this reader, Novikoff has captured the genius of the intellectual culture of this dynamic period of medieval history.
    Alexander Andrée, University of Toronto
  • Author Information

    Alex J. Novikoff teaches medieval history at Fordham University, where he has also served as the associate chair and director of undergraduate studies at the Center for Medieval Studies. He is the author of The Medieval Culture of Disputation: Pedagogy, Practice, and Performance (2013) and articles on medieval intellectual and cultural history, historiography, and interfaith relations. He is a fellow of the Royal Historical Society of Great Britain and a recipient of the Berlin Prize.
  • Table of contents

    Acknowledgements
    Introduction

    Part 1: Themes

    Chapter One: Spiritual Renewal and the Formation of Theology
    1. Two Texts on the Eucharist Controversy
        a. Lanfranc, On the Body and Blood of the Lord
        b. Alberic of Monte Cassino, Against Berengar, On the Body and Blood of the Lord
    2. Proving God: Anselm's Ontological Argument
    3. Bernard of Clairvaux on Loving God
    4. The Premonstratensian Challenge to Traditional Monasticism
        a. Anselm of Havelberg, Apologetic Letter
        b. Philip of Harvengt, On the Knowledge of Clerics
    5. Cistercian Spirituality: Aelred of Rievaulx's Dialogue on the Soul
    6. Hildegard of Bingen's Heavenly Visions
        a. Letter to Bernard of Clairvaux
        b. Book of Divine Works
    7. The Life of Anastasius of Cluny, Monk and Hermit
    8. Peter Abelard's Theology
    9. Hugh of St-Victor on Sacred Learning: The Didascalicon
    10. A Twelfth-Century Textbook: Peter Lombard's Sentences
    11. Reading the Bible: The Glossa Ordinaria

    Chapter Two: Schools, Scholars, and the Liberal Arts
    12. The Letter of Goswin of Mainz to his Student Walcher
    13. Bernard of Chartres: The Socrates of the Twelfth Century
    14. The Pedagogical Prologues of Thierry of Chartres
    15. Guibert of Nogent Reflects on his Early Education
    16. Herman of Tournai Describes his Teacher Odo
    17. Peter Abelard, The Story of My Misfortunes
    18. The Prologue to Abelard's Sic et Non
    19. Three Contemporary Views of Abelard's Teachings
        a. Bernard of Clairvaux's Letter to Pope Innocent II
        b. The Life of Saint Goswin
        c. Otto of Freising, The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa
    20. Hugh of St-Victor on Secular Learning: The Didascalicon
    21. John of Salisbury's Defense of the Liberal Arts
    22. Philip of Harvengt on Clerical and Female Literacy
    23. Peter of Blois on Clerics and the Liberal Arts
    24. Godfrey of St-Victor: The Fountain of Philosophy
    25. Gerald of Wales Satirizes the Study of Dialectic
    26. Stephen of Tournai's Invective Against the New Learning
    27. The Battle of the Seven Liberal Arts: A Trouvère's Satire on Academia

    Chapter Three: Polemical Confrontations with Jews, Muslims, and Heretics
    28. Gilbert Crispin's Disputation with a Jew in London
    29. Petrus Alfonsi's Dialogue Against the Jews
    30. Peter the Venerable on Jews and Judaism
        a. Against the Inveterate Obduracy of the Jews
        b. Letter 130 to the King of France
    31. The First Accusation of Ritual Murder: Norwich 1144
    32. The Monk Rigord Explains the Reasons for the Expulsion of the Jews
    33. Two Jewish Polemics Against Christianity
        a. Joseph Kimhi, Book of the Covenant
        b. Nizzahon Vetus
    34. Peter the Venerable's Summa Against the Saracen Heresies
    35. Anselm of Havelberg's Disputation with the Greeks in Constantinople
    36. Bartholomew of Exeter's Penitential Condemning Superstitions
    37. Bernard of Clairvaux's Sermon Against Heresy
    38. Disciplinary Decrees of the Fourth Lateran Council

    Chapter Four: Establishing a New Order: Government and Law
    39. The Constitutions of Clarendon
    40. Richard FitzNeal's Dialogue of the Exchequer
    41. Law and the Invention of Criminal Homicide
        a. Peace and Truce of God
        b. Huguccio, Summa on Gratian's Decretum
        c. Peter the Chanter, On Cases of Conscience
    42. Rogerius, Questions on the Institutes of Justinian
    43. Ivo of Chartres's Prologue to his Canonical Collection
    44. The Decretists: Commentators on Gratian's Decretum
    45. Peter of Blois: A Question Concerning Marriage Law
    46. Roman Law and Legal Study in Italy
        a. Letter of Abbot Bernard III of St-Victor, Marseille
        b. Frederick I Barbarossa's Imperial Decree: Habita

    Chapter Five: Love and its Discontents
    47. Abelard and Heloise Revisit their Love Affair
    48. Andreas Capellanus, The Art of Courtly Love
    49. Marie de France's Lay of the Two Lovers
    50. Hispano-Arabic Love Poetry: A Source of Lyric Courtly Love?
    51. The Troubadours
        a. William IX of Aquitaine, "En Alvernhe part Limozi"
        b. William IX of Aquitaine, "Pos de chanter m'es prez talenz"
        c. Jaufre Rudel, "Lanquan li jorn son lonc en mai"
        d. Bernart de Ventadorn, "Chantars no m pot gaires valer"
        e. Vida of Bernart de Ventadorn
        f. Comtessa de Dia, "Ab joi ab joven m'apais"
    52. Love Lyrics from the Carmina Burana
    53. The Romance of Tristan and Yseut
    54. An Anonymous Lover's Lament
    55. Love Songs of the Trouvères and Women Trouvères

    Part 2: Genres

    Chapter Six: Experimentations in Liturgical and Secular Poetry
    56. Hildebert of Lavardin's Hymn on the Trinity
    57. The Liturgical Poetry of Adam of St-Victor
    58. Anonymous Sequences from St-Victor in Paris
        a. Laudes Crucis
        b. Templum Cordis
    59. Marbod of Rennes: Poet of the Loire Valley
    60. Poems of Nature and Patriotism
    61. The Goliards: Poets of Wine, Women, and Song
    62. Three Models of Secular Poetry
    63. The Archpoet, Confession of Golias

    Chapter Seven: Art and Architecture: Theory and Practice
    64. Abbot Suger on the Art Treasures of St-Denis
    65. The Monk Theophilus's Treatise on the Diverse Arts
    66. Bernard of Clairvaux's Protest Against Distracting Art
    67. Herman-Judah and Rupert of Deutz Debate Religious Imagery
    68. Peter the Chanter's Critique of Sumptuous Architecture
    69. Alexander Neckam Describes Contemporary Arts and Crafts

    Chapter Eight: Historical Writing and Romance
    70. Geoffrey of Monmouth, History of the Kings of Britain
    71. Wace, The Roman de Brut
    72. Galbert of Bruges on the Historical Method
    73. Chronicles of the Deeds of the Counts of the Angevins
    74. History and Legend of Richard the Lionheart
        a. Richard of Devizes's Chronicle of the Third Crusade
        b. A Song of Richard I
        c. Ambroise's History of the Holy War
    75. Otto of Freising, History of the Two Cities
    76. Walter Map Describes the Trifles of Courtiers
    77. An Anonymous Chronicle of the Dukes and Princes of the Poles
    78. Walter of Châtillon, The Alexandreis

    Chapter Nine: Medicine, Science, and Translation
    79. Medicine at Salerno: An Overview
        a. Master Matthaeus's Description of Constantine the African
        b. From Joannitius, Isagoge
        c. Bartholomew of Salerno, Second Salernitan Demonstration
    80. The Trotula: The Salernitan Tradition of Gynecology
    81. Petrus Alfonsi Urges the Study of Arab Science
    82. The Topography of Arab-Latin Translations
        a. Hugo of Santalla, Art of Geomancy
        b. Preface to Burgundio's Translations of Chrysostom's Commentary on St John's Gospel
        c. The Inscription on Burgundio's Grave
        d. Avendeuth to the Bishop of Toledo
        e. Daniel of Morley, Philosophia
        f. Gerard of Cremona, Vita
        g. Paschalis Romanus, Kyranides
        h. Stephen on Antioch, Preface to the Theorica of the Liber regalis dispositionis
    83. A Toledan Translator of Arabic Philosophy
    84. Bernard Silvestris, The Cosmographia
    85. William of Conches, A Dialogue on Natural Philosophy
    86. Henry of Huntingdon's Verse Herbal

    Sources

    Index of Topics