Unequal under Socialism: Race, Women, and Transnationalism in Bulgaria
Unequal under Socialism examines the formation of racial, gender, and national identities and relations in the socialist state. With a specific focus on Bulgaria, a former socialist country in the Balkans, the book traces the intertwined local and global forces driving racialization, socialist state policies, and Eurocentric Marxist and Leninist ideologies, all of which led to valued and devalued categories of women. Roma women, Muslim women, ethnic Bulgarian women, sex workers, and female factory and office workers were among those marked by socialist authorities for prosperity, accommodation, violent reformation, or erasure.
Covering the period from the 1930s to the present and drawing upon original archival sources as well as a constellation of critical theories, Unequal under Socialism focuses on the lives of different women to articulate deep doubt about the capacity of socialism to sustain societies where all women prosper. Such doubt, Miglena S. Todorova suggests, is an under-recognized but important force shaping how women in former socialist countries have related to one another and to other women in the global North and South.
- World Rights
- Page Count: 240 pages
- Illustrations: 11
- Dimensions: 6.0in x 1.0in x 9.0in
Author InformationMiglena S. Todorova is an assistant professor in the Department of Social Justice Education and Director of the Centre for Media, Culture, and Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto.
Table of contents
List of Illustrations
Introduction: Epistemology of Doubt
1. Race, Women, and Nation-Building
2. Socialist Racialism: Desired and Undesired Genres of Women and the Paradoxes of Socialism
3. Women’s Work: Gendered and Racialized Socialist State Governmentality
4. Second-Third World Women: Socialist State Feminisms and Internationalisms
5. Challenging the Modern-Postmodern Duality: Race, Socialist Masculinity, and Global American Culture
Conclusion: Postsocialism, Anti-Racism, and Transnational Feminisms
Subjects and Courses